impact of the European peninsulas


Being the second smallest continent, Europe extends from the island of Iceland and the country of Russia. Europe is a peninsula of peninsulas. Europe is surrounded by vast amounts of water such as the Arctic Ocean, Atlantic ocean, Mediterranean, Black, and Caspian Seas. The peninsulas of this small continent are the Iberian, Balkan, Italian, Scandinavian, and Jutland. With all this access to water, it seems that Europe may have an advantage over the other continents. By strategically using the resources for its benefit, Europe was quickly able to become one of the leading world powers.

Peninsulas affected Europe because they allowed easy trade between countries overseas. Europeans took occupations such as fishermen and sailors because of the nearby waters, Because access to the ocean was so easy, they were able to evolve quicker than other continents because they could communicate in a more efficient way. Many immigrants would leave Europe by boat during famines, allowing their culture to spread. The peninsulas of Europe keep the climate temperate due to the North Atlantic Drift that brings warm waters from the tropics to northern parts of the world. Becuase of the peninsulas and being so close to water many european countries have a very good navy.


Being the land of peninsulas impacted Europe’s history because it allowed many conquistadors to begin searching for new land with ease, thus starting the Age of Exploration. Socially, this caused many people to take on jobs more focused around the sea. It also called for people to adapt their lifestyles and food to things that can be retrieved from the water.

population distribution

The majority of the population of Europe is concentrated in cities near the coastline. This is because these areas are warmer and have, on average, the most cultural diversity. The cities near the water also offer more jobs in the shipping and trading industry.


In the earlier ages, Europe was able to travel by boat to other countries to enforce trade. Doing so shortened the amount of time it normally took for other countries to travel by land. This trade introduced Europeans to new things, allowing them to evolve further.


During famines, many people could easily escape the hardships by jumping on a ship and sailing to another country. Many other immigrants came to Europe to begin a more advanced way of life. Even though Europe is smaller than the United states, it has more than two times the population.