Diagnostic Tools for Assessing Literacy Development
EE 915: Detection and Remediation of Early Reading Difficulties
Competency 2: Phonemic awareness and phonics: principles, knowledge, and instructional practices.
An emergent reader requires experiences with books to be enriched and enjoyable, mostly with picture books. This will allows students to have a comfort with books even before they can "read" by themselves, understanding that letters and words make up language. The gain an understanding of the concepts of print.
Early readers use a number of strategies to guess a word. They have the ability to talk about the background of what a story is about to help with the plot of the story and what underlying message the text may be portraying. Students who are developing their reading skills within this stage look to the visual cues within the text and the patterns within language to read for the meaning of the text. Students are encouraged to take reading risks and predict words within the text.
Transitional readers tend to read series of books, gaining comprehension strategies, looking at the characters within the books, the settings that the story takes place within, and events that help with reading development. The reader's pacing is good, indicating a positive reading rate and supports comprehension. Students use strategies that they have previously learned to help identify unknown words.
Fluent readers gain a confidence about the texts that they read and their understandings of it. They understand how a text works and can read independently. Teachers can support this stage by encouraging independent reading and connecting reading to writing. This will allow students to gain meaning and comprehension ("Stages of Reading Development").
Competency 7: Screening and diagnostic instruments, their administration, and use for determining student strengths and weaknesses.
The Letter Identification instrument indicated that the student was able to notice details, similar as within the Concepts About Print. The student looked at the order of the letters and what groupings were there. There were also a number of other subtests such as the Hearing and Sounds Observation, the Ohio Word Test, and the Writing Vocabulary Observation.
Competency 8: Knowledge and use of a variety of informal and formal reading assessments.
Competency 10: Child and adolescent development and the timing of formal reading instruction.
"Stages of Reading Development." Reading Rockets. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Mar. 2015.