By Dheeraj S. and Raza M.
History of the Mayans
Pre - Classic Period : The Maya developed their first civilization in the Pre - classic period. Scholars continue to discuss when this era of Maya civilization began.They occupated Belize The Mayas already started growing corn and crops
Classic Period: In this period the Mayans built a lot of building and they started urbanizing. The Mayans developed a lot in this
Post - classic period: The population lived near permanent water sources. New trade networks were formed with other regions. The Mayan civilization slowly declined in this period.
The modern Maya live in southeastern Mexico and northern Central America, including Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, and El Salvador. Altogether, their homelands cover an area of approximately 125,000 square miles with a land that contains both northern lowlands and southern highlands. Volcanic mountains are in the highlands. The fertile soil of the highland valleys supports the largest Mayan population.
The written Maya alphabet, which dates back as far as 200 BCE is similar to the hieroglyphics of ancient Egypt. The language has approximately 800 symbols that can be combined to form different words. This system is what differentiates Maya civilization from most of the other early cultures in the area.
Mayan families living together may be made up of a husband, wife, and their children. Sometimes newly married couples join the household. The old people may come to live with the family when they can no longer manage on their own.
The Mayans wear both traditional and modern Western-style clothing. It is more common for women to wear traditional clothing. Men generally wear trousers and sport shirts .Women wear either traditional embroidered clothing or stylish dresses and skirt-and-blouse outfits. Mayan clothes are commonly decorated with colorful embroidery. The designs include humans, animals, and plants.
The Maya generally eat three meals a day:Corn is the most important food of their ancestors and it remains the central ingredient in their diet today. It is used to make tortillas. After corn, beans are the most basic food . Soups also form a large part of the Mayan diet.
In rural areas, the Mayans farm their corn fields, much as their ancestors did thousands of years ago. Forested sites are converted into new fields by the cutting of trees. Besides farming, Mayans also work as laborers and artisans or own small shops. In urban areas, they may work in jobs involving textiles or computers.
Mayans live in houses with adobe walls, small shuttered windows, roofs of tile or corrugated metal, and a floor of hard-packed dirt. Mayans also live in houses with double-pitched tile roofs and walls of adobe, thatch supported by boards or poles, or other materials. The main means of transport for most Maya is the bus.
Each Mayan city governed its area. A city ruler would usually pass down to its younger brother or son. Some families ruled for hundreds of years. These big cities never united to form single a centrally governed nation.