Space Race

USA and Soviet Union's race to explore space

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similarities

The Space Race was very similar to the Cold War in many different ways. They both were never actually declared, it was more of an idea. Another similarity was that the two main countries were the Soviet Union and The United States. They were also similar because they could both turn into hot war, at any time but at the moment there was no actual battles.

United States' Space Program

The program is called NASA, which stands for National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and is an administration that is funded by the United States Government. They were created on July 29, 1958. Their main goal was to defeat the Soviet Union with more advanced space technology that they could use in the fight to explore the universe.

Soviet Union's Space Program

There was no English name for it, but they were powerful. Their first flight was October 4, 1957 and their last on October 2, 1991. Their two main missions were Soyuz TM-13 and Sputnik. They were the first country to have someone enter space and orbit earth. They were another main part in the space race.

Important periods in the race:

timeline

1. THE RACE BEGINS

Post war, USSR and USA realized how important space research would soon be to the military. Both countries engaged in the "Space Race", or the race to explore space. This effected the Cold War because if one country excelled, then they could be seen as the stronger country, and that confidence could lead to attack, or more knowledge of nuclear weapons. USSR takes the lead and launches Sputnik I.

2. FIRST MAN GOES INTO SPACE

USSR launches the first successful space mission with Yugi Gagarin, who not only goes into space but orbits earth also. Three weeks later Alan Shepherd becomes the first american in space, but does not orbit earth. (John Glen does about a year later.)

3. RACE TO THE MOON

After these two defeats, USA is determined to become the first country to get to the moon. Kennedy launches the program Apollo to fulfill this hope. They become successful on July 16, 1969. The astronauts were Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins.

4. END OF THE SPACE RACE

After the man on the moon becomes a reality, USSR and USA relations start to become better. They performed the first joint mission shorty after and it was called the Apollo-Soyez project. The race to explore space was over.

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