Child Labor

19th Century England K.Marquez

Jobs Children did in Factories

  • Coal mine: Children had to work in terrible, dark, noisy, and filthy conditions. many children developed respiratory problems due to the lack of air ventilation.
  • Chimney Sweep: Many children had to work as chimney sweeps since the age of 3. This was very dangerous and many times children lost there life.
  • Sweated Trades: Children mainly girls had to work at home having to weave thins such as gloves and laces for hours without stopping.

  • Factory Worker: Children in factories were abused and mistreated. They would have to work as hard as adults for fraction of the pay and had no rights.
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Children in Factories

Many Children Had to work in Factories to help there family get by. They would work long hours up to 16!

Hours, Food and Working Condition.

  • Many children had to work long hours 6am to 8pm Mon-Sat with sometimes little to no pay.
  • If they were ever late or fell asleep on the job they would be terribly beaten with whips and other harsh objects.
  • These Children had little to no breaks on the job and were always in danger of loosing a limb or even dying!
  • Many times these kids would have to fix the machines while they were on and would sometimes get stuck in them and loose arms or limbs.
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Children in the mines

These two kids had to work in the dark polluted mines which had no air filtration and were hardly safe

Accidents that often happen

  • If you were to work as a chimney sweep you could have the skin on your arm peeled off and sometimes only the bone left.
  • Many children in factories had to get under machines to fix them and they might get stuck
  • If you were a girl you could get your hair stuck in a machine and be pulled in
  • Many children had to go all day with just a beer which could make them do some thins wrong and get hurt.

Punisments children faced

  • Children could be sometimes whipped or beaten if they were not working efficiently
  • If they were to fall asleep on the job they could deprive them of food and have to starve
  • If children ever got lazy the manager would put a weight around there neck and make them walk up and down the factory aisle
  • If they were even 5 minutes late they would be hit with a long pole multiple times

Efforts to Improve/Stop Child Labor

  • There was an act passed in 1833 called the Factory Act that limited the amount of hours a child could work
  • An activist in 1812, Jane Addams, made the government organize a child bureau which made it the responsibility of the U.S government to protect children.
  • Lewis Hine began the National Child Labor Committee which promoted he right and education for working kids.
  • Grace Abbot joined the Department of Labor which investigated and reported issues concerning child labor.