19th Century England K.Marquez
Jobs Children did in Factories
- Coal mine: Children had to work in terrible, dark, noisy, and filthy conditions. many children developed respiratory problems due to the lack of air ventilation.
- Chimney Sweep: Many children had to work as chimney sweeps since the age of 3. This was very dangerous and many times children lost there life.
- Sweated Trades: Children mainly girls had to work at home having to weave thins such as gloves and laces for hours without stopping.
- Factory Worker: Children in factories were abused and mistreated. They would have to work as hard as adults for fraction of the pay and had no rights.
Children in Factories
Many Children Had to work in Factories to help there family get by. They would work long hours up to 16!
Hours, Food and Working Condition.
- Many children had to work long hours 6am to 8pm Mon-Sat with sometimes little to no pay.
- If they were ever late or fell asleep on the job they would be terribly beaten with whips and other harsh objects.
- These Children had little to no breaks on the job and were always in danger of loosing a limb or even dying!
- Many times these kids would have to fix the machines while they were on and would sometimes get stuck in them and loose arms or limbs.
Children in the mines
These two kids had to work in the dark polluted mines which had no air filtration and were hardly safe
Accidents that often happen
- If you were to work as a chimney sweep you could have the skin on your arm peeled off and sometimes only the bone left.
- Many children in factories had to get under machines to fix them and they might get stuck
- If you were a girl you could get your hair stuck in a machine and be pulled in
- Many children had to go all day with just a beer which could make them do some thins wrong and get hurt.
Punisments children faced
- Children could be sometimes whipped or beaten if they were not working efficiently
- If they were to fall asleep on the job they could deprive them of food and have to starve
- If children ever got lazy the manager would put a weight around there neck and make them walk up and down the factory aisle
- If they were even 5 minutes late they would be hit with a long pole multiple times
Efforts to Improve/Stop Child Labor
- There was an act passed in 1833 called the Factory Act that limited the amount of hours a child could work
- An activist in 1812, Jane Addams, made the government organize a child bureau which made it the responsibility of the U.S government to protect children.
- Lewis Hine began the National Child Labor Committee which promoted he right and education for working kids.
- Grace Abbot joined the Department of Labor which investigated and reported issues concerning child labor.