Plants

Alex Huiss

Physical Characteristics

Plants have a diversity of characteristics which are.......

  • Shoot Apex
  • Leaf
  • Lateral Bud
  • Node
  • stem
  • Fruit
  • Blade
  • Flower
  • Primary Root
  • Lateral Root

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Important Information

  1. The root system of a plant absorbs water and dissolves nutrients. Roots anchor plants in the ground, holding soil in place and preventing erosion.
  2. A stem has a support system for the plant body, a transport system that carries nutrients, and a defense system that protects the plant against predators and disease.
  3. Leaves are the plants main photosynthetic system. The flat surface of the plant helps increase the amount of sunlight the plant absorbs.
  • On the leaves there are adjustable pores which help leaves conserve water while letting oxygen and carbon dioxide enter and exit the leaf (known as the Stomata).
  • These three parts of the plant are the most important principle organs.
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Fun Facts of a Plant

  • Strawberry is the only fruit that bears it seeds on the outside of the fruit. The average strawberry has a least 200 seeds.
  • Bamboo is the fastest-growing woody plant in the world; it can grow up to 35 inches in a single day.
  • Vanilla flavoring comes from he pod of an orchid, Vanilla Planifolia.
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Characteristic of Life

  • Reproduction: When the gametes join, they form a zygote that begins the next sporophyte generation of plants.
  • Homeostasis: Homeostasis in plants includes the regulation of carbon dioxide and water levels necessary to perform photosynthesis.
  • Growth & Development: Plant cells send signals to one another that indicate when to divide and when to not divide, and when to develop into a new kind of cell.
  • Energy: Plants are autotrophs because they manufacture their needed nutrients by photosynthesis; converting carbon dioxide and water to sugar.
  • Adaptation: Plants have become adapted to many environments such as Aquatic areas, salt-tolerant, and desert plants.