AFGHANISTAN

JALEN LEWIS

INTRO

The capital of Afghanistan is Kabul. The countries that border Afghanistan are Pakistan, Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan. Ahmad Shah DURRANI founded Afghanistan. The gained independence from the British in 1919.

AFGHANISTAN GOVERNMENT

Afghanistan government type is Islamic Republic. They also have a mixed economy. Afghanistan president is Ashraf Ghani. He was elected on September 29, 2014. He still is serving his presidential term.

Economics and land use of Afghanistan

Afghanistan land use percentage is 58.1 for agricultural, 2.1% for forest and 39.8 for other.The products in agricultural include opium, wheat, fruits, nuts; wool, mutton, sheepskins, and lambskins. The GDP per capita is 1,900 as of 2014 for Afghanistan. The population below poverty line is 36%.

U.S is interested in Afghanistan

The U.S. first interest is to reduce the threat of successful terrorist attacks against the United States. Another interest is to keep the conflict in Afghanistan from sowing instability elsewhere in Central Asia. Those are some interest the U.S. have

Environmental issues in Afghanistan

Some major environmental issues are soil degradation, overgrazing, and desertification. They also have overpopulation

Literacy Rate Affects Afghanistan Standard of Living

Afghanistan literacy rate for women is 24.2% and the male's rates are 52%. By looking at the rates it means most jobs consist of men since they have better education. The women probably stays at home most of the time. it also affects the government because they have to get professional workers to do construction and city work.

Various Ethnic and Religious Groups in Afghanistan

Some ethnics groups in Afghanistan are Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara and Uzbek. All these ethnics groups speak different languages like Pashtun speaks Indo-European, Tajik speaks more of a Persian language. Also Uzbek speaks a Turkic language

How does oil affect Afghanistan

Afghanistan does produce oil so they have to trade with India for oil. This affects them because it take their money and it has to take time for India to import oil to them. That's why oil has an affect on Afghanistan.