Enviromental Health

Hazardous Waste in Miami

What types of hazardous waste sites are located in Miami?

  • In Miami there is a 65 acre Superfund Site landfill with 5 different areas to dispose waste into the Great Miami River.

What is a Superfund site?

  • A Superfund site is a site where toxic wastes have been dumped and the Environmental Protection Agency has designated them to be cleaned up.

What is a Brownfield?

  • A Brownfield site is land previously used for industrial purposes or some commercial uses. The land may be contaminated by low concentrations of hazardous waste or pollution, and has the potential to be reused once it is cleaned up.

What are the impacts of Superfunds and Brownfields?

  • The cleaning up of Superfunds is a great asset and improvement to the local environment of Seattle, which in turn can improve the economic conditions of the area. Brownfields, on the other hand, are hindrances to the local economy and environment. They cause the land around them to become harder to inhabit due to the pollution that they bring.

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Air Quality

Clean Air Act

The Clean Air Act passed by the U.S. government has strict provisions for the maintenance of air quality throughout the United States:

  • Calls for states and EPA to solve multiple air pollution problems through programs based on the latest science and technology information
  • EPA has established air quality standards for six common "criteria pollutants": particulate matter, ozone, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, and lead
  • States are required to adopt enforceable plans to achieve and maintain air quality meeting the air quality standards
  • State plans also must control emissions that drift across state lines and harm air quality in downwind states
  • Calls for areas such as power plants and factories to use the best available technology, and allows less stringent standards for existing sources

Miami Air Quality

Air quality in Seattle tends to be good to moderate quality, rarely becoming polluted enough that it is unhealthy to breathe. Harmful things that could be seen in the air include:

  • Particulate matter (linked with respiratory disease, decreased lung function, asthma attacks, heart attacks and premature death)
  • Ozone (reduced lung function, respiratory irritation, aggravated asthma symptoms, and weakened immune system)
  • Sulfur dioxide (increased asthma symptoms)
  • Carbon monoxide (decreased oxygen carrying-capacity in the blood, weakens heart contractions)
  • Lead (adverse health effects ranging from behavioral problems and learning disabilities to seizures and death)

Water Quality

Water quality monitoring is a crucial aspect to protecting water resources. State, Tribal, and Federal agencies must monitor lakes, streams, rivers, and other types of water bodies to assist them in determining water quality condition. From these monitoring activities, water quality monitoring data is generated. Without this data, water resource managers cannot know where pollution problems exist, where we need to focus our pollution control energies, or where we've made progress.

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Health Status

Birth Outcomes

8.2 percent of infants were born at low birth weight this represents a slight increasefrom the rate recorded in 2004. The percentage of infants born at low birth weight has risen steadily from a low of 6.7 percent in 1984 and is currently at the highest level recorded in the past three decades

Cancer Rates

Toxic air pollutants, or air toxics, are those pollutants known or suspected of causing cancer or other serious health problems, such as birth defects. Cancer risk is expressed as a number in a million, e.g., 16 in a million chance of getting cancer due to air pollution.

Mortality Rates

In 2005, 6,482 infants born to residents of cities in the United States with populations over 250,000 died in the first year of life. The infant mortality rate in U.S. cities was 7.4 deaths per 1,000 live births, which was higher than the rate for the Nation as a whole (6.8 per 1,000). Although the infant mortality rate in cities has consistently been higher than the rate nationwide, it has declined over the past decade, and the disparity in infant mortality rates between infants in cities and the Nation as a whole has decreased by 50 percent. Between 1990 and 2004, the infant mortality rate in cities has declined by nearly one-third, while the nationwide decline during the same period was 25.3 percent. Declines in infant mortality rates since 2000, however, have been relatively small for both cities and the population as a whole.

Helping Miami

Miami has a good to moderate quality of air, it can always be improved. That's where you the people of Miami come in. Driving is a big thing through the Miami area. I bet you at some point while driving the people are idle with their cars still on. Well news flash, that is harming the air quality around you.

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If everyone just turn off their cars while idle in them in this area in the map above it will reduce the harmful chemicals produce by the cars.

By Michael Balkevicius