How to Protect Against Tyranny
The Constitutional way
One way the constitution protects against tyranny is Federilism. It gives the state government more local power towards the state. While the central government gets more general power towards the country, but does not get full control over the country due to state governments. Also both state and central government has powers that they both have and can change. Federalism balances the powers between the state and central government so either governments can't take complete control.
Seperation of Powers
Another way the constution protects against from tyranny is the separation of powers. Seperation of powers prevents against tyranny because each branch has the same amount of power. Seperation of powers also prevents one person taking control becasue there are three different branches. Also one person being in two branches at once would be a step forward to tyranny. Each of the branches have different jobs and each job can't take over the country.
Checks and Balances
Another way the constitution protected against tyranny is checks and balances. Checks and balances makes sure each branch in the government has equal power. Each of the branches can check the two other branches and one branch cannot be checked by only one branch or no branches. This is effective because no one branch is too in control or powerful.
Big State vs. Smaller States
The final way the constitution guards against tyranny is the big states not having too much power over the small states. The big states wanted proportional representation so they could have lots of power in the government. The smaller states wanted equal representation so they would have the same amount of power as the big states. Today there is the House of Representatives which is proportional and there is the senate which allows only 2 senators no matter the size of the state.