Articles of Confederation

The United States of America

What were the Articles of Confederation?

The Articles of Confederation was the original constitution of the United States. It was ratified in 1781. It didn't last long and it was replaced by the U.S. Constitution. The Articles established a weak central government. Each State retains its its sovereignty, freedom, and independence.

Articles of Confederation

The states are not allowed to conduct relationships with foreign nations without the permission of congress. They cannot wage war, negotiate peace, raise an army or navy, or make an alliance with another state. Congress determines the budget and has the sole power to deal with foreign nations. Congress can appoint a provisional committee of the states to serve when congress is not in session, they can also appoint other committees made up of civilians to help run the nation.

Problems with the Articles

Under the Articles no provisions were made for an executive branch to enforce the laws, or a national court system to interpret them. A legislative Congress didn't have the power to force the states to do anything against their will. Didn't have the power to tax, and only one state had only one vote in congress.