The Democratic Republic of Congo

By Mira Malavia

Introduction

This webpage is meant to introduce a person to the various dynamics of the Democratic Republic of Congo. It will cover population, migration, and culture - which will be backed up with data.

Population and Statistics

The Population Phenomenon...

The population in the Democratic Republic of Congo is one that is quite high. It is there because it is the second largest country in Africa and has the 14th largest population in the world. Thus making it important because of its isolation to the rest of the world - in this day and age it should be interconnected with the rest of world in economical, geographical, and political terms. We should care enough to un-isolate this country and make it a part of the world (metaphorically) so that it can truly flourish and prosper.

Migration

Major Push Factors

Political:
  • Continuous fighting among rebels and the government - makes it unsafe for kids
  • Political persecution - different beliefs than party in power
Economic:
  • Escape from poverty
  • Better Opportunities than current area
Environmental:
  • Unsafe and dirty
  • Access to less clean resources - drinking water
  • Better health care and availability of resources

Major Pull Factors

Culture:

  • Religious Persecution, if any
  • Nostos - long only for 'true' home
Political:

  • Area where beliefs are supported
  • Escape political persection

Types of Migration in the Democratic Republic of Congo

  • International Immigration - people leave as result of opportunity
  • Refugee
  • Internal Migration - based on politics

Colony or Colonizer?

This was definitely a colony! The Democratic Republic of Congo was colonized under instructions of the Belgian King, Leopold II. Thus the reason why French is an official language in the country. My decision is based on the research I conducted online as well as the fact that French is an official language of DRC, which means it had some sort of French colonization on it.

The Phenomenon of Migration...

There is an equal migration rate (0) right now, which is slightly leaning over to the immigration side - which will soon indicate that more people will be leaving the country. The overall growth remains the same as the natural growth rate as migration does not proceed to make an impact on it. There are more push factors for the DRC than there are pull - this makes sense as this country is a LDC. Some of those include economical and environmental factors. Mainly international migration occurs in this country, with a few internal migrants once in a while. This country was colonized by Belgium under the rule of King Leopold II. It is important for a human geography student to know this information because it shows how everything (from the past units) connects on a broader level.

Culture and Language

History in Conflict

There has only been fighting between the government in the DRC. The country is still recovering from the genocide in Rwanda in which many of DRC's own were affected. All this fighting is due to the fact that the Democratic Republic of Congo is very wealthy in natural resources, in terms of quality and quantity.

The Culture and Language Phenomenon...

There are more than 200 ethnic groups in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The most prominent group is called the Bantu, which proceeds to break off into even smaller branches. The languages there carry the impacts of the colonizer and show how the country has evolved to create its own lingua franca - Lingala. In terms of religions, the country is evenly divided up, with the majorities as Roman Catholics and minorities as Muslims and Kimbanguists.

The Democratic Republic of Congo

It is my job to conduct a deep and thoughtful in-depth analysis of the DRC.