Interior Design Styles

Christianna Haas and Sydney McNabb

Each room is unique. Knowing which type of style to use helps create different environments and feels, as well as which one is most suiting for your personal style and needs.

Art Deco

  • A modern and retro style, popular during the Roaring 20's
  • Elements are very sharp and geometric, balanced out with curved lines

  • Conglomeration of sharp, square shapes and smooth, curved ones

  • Monochromatic color schemes

  • Bolded lines within the color scheme

Arts & Crafts

  • The Arts and Crafts style it to be prominently wood

  • Metals and rustic stones are key features throughout this style

  • Neutral color scheme or warm monochromatic tones work best

  • A very welcoming and warm room

  • Geometric forms for the furniture completes the look

Asian

  • This style is perfect for someone who desires peace, serenity, and calmness in their home

  • Wood and bamboo are important and popular elements, specially for the flooring

  • Very simple furnishings

  • Color schemes are neutral or warm, monochromatic vibrant colors

  • Another important key to this style is to include a large area rug made of natural materials

  • As for decoration, adding large pictures that are relevant to Chinese culture work well

Classical

  • The most imperative thing about this style is to make sure it is symmetric and well-balanced

  • Another important thing this style includes is a main focal point in the room, typically the bed or a large fireplace

  • Monochromatic natural colors are the most popular

  • Luxurious fabrics work best to give it the royal and expensive feel

Contemporary

  • The Contemporary style is trendy and sometimes harsh to look at

  • Does not include overwhelming decorations, natural fabrics work very well

  • A wall of a solid color is a key element within this style

  • Overall, the color scheme revolves around blacks, whites, and monochromatic neutrals

  • Very clean lines, geometric shapes, and smooth surfaces are best for this style

Country

  • The goal is to make it look extremely cozy, welcoming, and comfortable

  • Analogous and complementary schemes are the most popular

  • Earthy materials throughout the room such as wood, stone, pottery and tin for furnishings

  • Floral and natural patterns are key, and don't always have to match

  • Texture in the Country style is also important, to give it the outdoorsy feel

Feng Shui

  • A style in tune with the energy and balance

  • There are five main colors that each represent different things within the room:

  • Water- black and blue shades (positive energy)

  • Wood- green shades (new life and renewal)

  • Fire- red, pink, and maroon shades (heat and light)

  • Earth- orange, brown, and yellow shades (health and well-being)

  • Metal- silver, white, gold, and gray shades (prosperity and health)

  • Include a personalized Bagua map and live plants to represent health

  • No clutter and light furniture to convey the flow of energy

Gothic

  • A very medieval look

  • Heavy, wood furnishings that have very detailed designs

  • Beamed ceilings were prominent in Gothic architecture

  • Dark, typically analogous, colors throughout the room, such as the walls and furniture, are important to include

  • Velvet, dark curtains for the windows complete this look

  • Arches are a common architectural feature, which give transition to such a heavy feeling room
  • Add decorations that resemble castles, such as candlesticks and chandeliers

Italian

  • Italian design is full of clean lines and simple forms.

  • Combination of traditional and modern styles

  • This means that there will be something like a traditional ottoman mixed with a modern style sofa in the living room

  • Bold artwork is commonly used to provide a contrast with the neutral colored walls (beige, tan, white, etc.) or vice versa: neutral furnishings with bright walls

  • Typically analogous light color schemes

  • Furnishings such as lamps and sculptures are big and dramatic, as well as use a combination of several textures (wood, metal, ceramics, etc.)

Minimalist

  • Keep function and ignore decoration. The littler, the better
  • Limited decoration, and does not use any of the traditional embellishments

  • Color schemes are typically limited to white with an extra color. This color is typically black, but it isn’t uncommon for a bold color to be used.

  • Flooring patterns should be uniform with little pattern, and busy patterns avoided altogether

  • The minimal decoration keeps the eye flowing

  • Windows are better left uncovered, but a sheer curtain may be used in some cases

Rustic

  • The goal is to create a ski lodge feel and to remind you of a log cabin
  • Natural elements are the best to be used when it comes to decoration (stone, wood, metal, etc.)

  • Wood beams as well as wood floors can be used to create the feeling of a log cabin

  • Stone is good to use in the fireplace to add texture to the space

  • metal in the form of lampshades are also used to create the “old time/hand crafted” feel

  • Typically analogous shades of brown or warm monochromatic colors create the outdoorsy feeling.

  • Fabrics should be cloth, linens and leather

  • Emphasis should be at places like the bed or a large, stone fireplace

Southwestern

  • Takes influence from Spanish and native american styles.

  • Warm, monochromatic color schemes evoke the feeling of aged stucco and adobe. Matte finishes are best.

  • Decorations that show influence from the southwestern region are key

  • wood and leather finishings also help complete the earthy and natural native american feel.

  • Tile floors are the most important part. Terra cotta is the most traditional choice, however, other types of natural stone can be used as well.

  • Radial designs are commonly used

  • Woven rugs are also a very important part of the complete look

Swedish (Gustavian)

  • The room is supposed to give a light and airy feel

  • The primary color is white in the furnishings, and any variation of white in the color of the walls (analogous white shades throughout the room)

  • The furniture is supposed to imitate neo-classical design to mimic the greek and roman designs, and it is desirable for it to look distressed

  • Wood floors look best, and are often covered with woven rugs and runners

  • Sheer fabrics give things a soft feel

  • Crystals in the form of chandeliers are a nice finishing touch, adding that last bit of royal flare

Traditional

  • Most popular decorating style in America

  • Curving lines in the chairs and curtains give the room a graceful feel, and the preferred dark woods give it elegance.

  • Fabrics are key for the windows, and are supposed to coordinate with the fabrics in the bedding and upholstery. The matching fabric provides transition throughout the room

  • Complementary and monochromatic are popular schemes

  • Colors are also used to develop formality. For instance, darker colors suggest higher formality, while lighter colors give a more casual and contemporary feel.

  • Chandeliers and decorative moldings are a good way to add that finishing touch to bring everything together.

Tropical

  • The whole idea of a tropical scheme is to give the feeling of living on an island through a mix of elements.

  • Neutral color schemes are essential for a backdrop, with splashes of citrus hues for pop. Analogous shades of tan evoke the feeling of sand and and beach.

  • Bright warm colors instead of blues can also create the tropical feel, just on the more oriental and exotic side (West indies)

  • Texture and wood use play an important part in creating the tropical feel. Woven furnitures, teak and bamboo are the primary woods used. When choosing fabrics, you should keep with the natural fibers such as cotton, linen and silk. These two throughout the room provide transition.

  • For the windows, opt for billowy curtains for that classic ocean breeze look, or bamboo blinds.

Tuscan

  • The inclusion of the natural elements plays a key part in bringing the look together. The focal point should be a grand stone fireplace, complete with hardwood floors.

  • golden creams, browns, olives, and wine hues create the feeling of an italian vineyard.

  • the finish of the walls is almost as important as the finish. the finished product is supposed to resemble stucco or venetian plaster.

  • wrought iron and other metal decorations are key. Look to put metal in your tables, lighting or in your headboard.

  • Other decorations that resemble old world elements add to the tuscan feel. Columns or busts are good decoration.

  • Arches in door frames, wall art and in chairs are key references to the old world.

Conclusion

My personal favorite was the tropical style. I've always been a beach person, so this really isn't surprising. With what I've learned in this project, I'm looking forward to being able to apply it later in life with my dorm room and my first apartment.