Vocabulary Presentation 3

Iris Brammer

Fill in the Blank- Fill in the blank with the most appropriate word from Lesson 3 of Vocabulary from Classical Roots Book E

The social worker was a _______ that ignored the common people's concerns and instead sought to appeal to media teams in hopes of gaining political power.

Definition

dem·a·gogue (dem e gog)

n. A leader or agitator who appeals to people's passions and prejudices rather than to their reason.


1.) an agitator- someone who disturbs or stirs up conflicts

2.) someone who gains power or popularity by appealing to emotions and prejudices of people.

Ancient Definition

(In Ancient Greece or Rome) A leader or orator, especially one who supported the cause of common people
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Synonym

  • agitator
  • sycophant
  • firebrand
  • rabble-rouser

Antonym

  • appeaser
  • accommodator
  • peace-maker


Little to no direct antonyms: any figure that provides genuine appeals and promotes peace rather than agitating.

Origins

Began in the mid 17th century in Greece from dēmagōgos (roots of demos, the people; and agogos, leading)

Roots

(Greek) demos- people

(Greek) apogos- leading

Choose the sentence in which the word in bold-face type is used incorrectly

a.) The man was demagogic at work as he continuously sought after aiding everyone in order to gain a promotion.

b.) The demagogue agitated the activist group into yet another protest for the sake of exercising his power to lead.

c.) The president at the time was demagogic, feeding promises that were of minor concern to the public in order to evoke passion and neglect major issues that actually plagued the nation.

d.) The governor was viewed as a demagogue for his emotional propagandas that allowed him to charm the citizens into voting for him only to realize he had no plans to mediate the arising conflicts.

The correct answer is A since a demagogue, although strives to appeal to popularity, does not generally aid people but instead uses charm and appeals.