Colomia Notes


Colombia's Geography

Colonbia is the only country in the region with coast on the Carribian and Pacific Ocean.It shares borders with Panama, Venezuela, Brazil, Peru and Ecuador, and maritime limits with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Jamaica, Dominican Republic and Haiti. Colombia is slightly less than three times the size of Montana. Colombia's land total is 6,004 km. Colombia is tropical along the coast and eastern plains. Colombia is the 26th largest nation in the world.

Colombia's History

In 1510 Spaniards founded Darian, the first European settlement. Colombia had a 14 year struggle during the time of Simon Bolivior's troops won the battle of Boyaca. Colombia won it's independence in 1824. Simon united Colombia, Vanezuela, Panama, and Ecuador in the Republic of Greater Colombia but he lost Vanezuela and Ecuador. Although Bolívar's authority prevailed by and large in the constitutional assembly, Greater Colombia soon fell apart.A new constitution in 1858 created a confederation of nine states called Granadina. Three years later under Mosquera, the country's name was changed to the United States of New Granada and in 1863 to the United States of Colombia. Colombia has experienced an intense intrastate conflict for over half a century.

Colombia's Government

Colombia is a Republic.

Colombia's Culture

Many aspects of Colombian culture can be traced back to the early culture of Spain. The Spanish brought Catholism, African slaves, and economic system. Colombia has changed it's name seven times. Regional cultural traditions are diverse, with a broad range of distinct groups that have unique customs, accents, social patterns, and cultural adaptations. Those groups are classified into three cultures: those in the interior, the countryside, and the coastal regions. Only during elections, sporting events, and beauty pageants do the regional cultures unite for a common goal.