Ethical Research Infographic

By Lora Brasfield

How to cite a website

Last name, First name, "Article Title" Website Title. Publisher of Website, Day Month Year article was published. Web. Day Month Year article was accessed. <URL>


Cain, Kevin. "The Negative Effects of Facebook on Communication." Social Media Today RSS N.p., 29 June 2012. Web. 02 Jan. 2013.

Add URL if source is not easily found.

Put in alphabetical order

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Plagiarism is a criminal act.

Even if you paraphrase, you have to cite your source.

Commonly known facts do not need to be cited.


Paraphrasing is putting an authors words into your own.

Make sure to cite even if paraphrased.

Switching a few words is not paraphrasing.

Summarizing is similar but focuses on the main points.

Write a list of main facts and after, don't look at source and write about the facts - To make sure you put it in your own words.

Pretend you're explaining your topic to a friend.


Quotes are the exact words of an author, they must be cited.

Limit number of quotes.

If you have too many quotes, it can be considered plagiarism.

How to cite a book

Last Name, First Name. Book Title. Publisher City: Publisher Name, Year Published. Medium.


Smith, John. The Sample Book. Pittsburgh: BibMe, 2008. Print.

If there are two authors, only reverse the first name.

Put Citations in alphabetical order.

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