Physical exams and tests

Bria Rice 4th hour

Mammograms

Mammograms screen for cancer in the breast of a woman. It checks for lumps and bumps in the breasts that could be cancer. It also detects tumors that cannot be felt. This exam is for women from ages 40 to 74. Especially ladies over the age of 40. Women should get continue regular screening mammograms (for women over age 40). http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/breast/mammograms-fact-sheet

Pap smears

Test for cervical cancer to test the cells in the cervix of a woman. Women should get the cervix test within 3 years of first sexual activity or age 21, whichever comes first. After the age of 30, it is recommended that women should be tested every 3 years of 5 when combined with the HPV test which is a sexually transmitted infection that could turn out to be cervical cancer. http://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/pap-smear/basics/why-its-done/prc-20013038

Testicular exams

Tests for cancer in the testicles for males, which can look like lumps or bumps in the testicles. The age to most likely get it is in the men younger than age 35 age group. 15 and up should get the exam. For men over the age of 14, a monthly self-exam of the testicles would be ideally good to catch it early on. http://www.cancer.org/cancer/testicularcancer/moreinformation/doihavetesticularcancer/do-i-have-testicular-cancer-self-exam

Prostate exams

Tests for cancer in the male prostate, women do not have a prostate. The exams should start at age 40 to age 75. Men especially 75 and above should get the exam done. This should be done annually. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/prostate-cancer/in-depth/prostate-cancer/art-20048087