Post-Apartheid South Africa

Landry Walker

Overview

The apartheid of South Africa officially ended in 1994 with Nelson Mandela being elected as the first president as a part of the African National Congress (ANC). The country from that point on has been in an upward battle to create unity and overcome it's past racial discriminatory ways.

General Election

This election took place on April 27, 1994. This was the first time all nationalities were able to cast their vote in the national election. The previously banned African National Congress (ANC) was now in power with Nelson Mandela as its head after winning the election with 62.65% of the votes

Mandela's Presidency

In 1995, Mandela established the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) which was put into place to investigate human rights violations under apartheid. He also introduced programs to improve housing, education, and economic development in order to improve the living standards of the blacks in South Africa. In 1996 he oversaw the completion of a new democratic constitution. He sought Nationalism and strived to create unity between the black and white populations. Encouraged the national rugby union called the Springboks in order to inspire a sense of pride and unification.
"Invictus" - Official Trailer [HD]

1999 Election

In the next election, Mandela did not run for a second term. He was succeeded by Mbeki in 1999, who stayed in office until 2008. This was the second free election and the ANC won again. Mbeki focused on the issue of AIDS during his presidency. He also began working with foreign investors so that they would invest in South Africa, thus boosting the economy. Mbeki served as president until 2008. From then until now, Jacob Zuma has been the president of South Africa.

2010 Fifa Cup

This was the second Nationalism event. It encouraged tourism and drew a piqued world interest in South Africa. This effort helped with the creation of jobs and lead to further development of the country, as it had to clean up and improve it's appearance.
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Overall

Today steps are being taken to better the lifestyle of South Africans. With health and sanitization increasing, the life expectancy is now 60. There are roughly 30,000 schools and over 24,000 have stable electricity. Tourism has also contributed to the pick me up the country is embracing.

Despite these great efforts to improve the nation, South Africa still faces forms of corruption today. While laws have been changed, the attitudes of many still resemble that of the environment of the apartheid.

Relation to Kafir Boy

In Kafir Boy, Mark's tenacity and desire to overcome the discrimination led him to a better life outside of the apartheid. His personality and drive really helped him turn the course of his life around. Now that apartheid has been abolished, South Africa is in desperate need of more people like Mark. While the government is doing all that it can to turn from it's past and move forward, the people of South Africa need to accept this truth for themselves. Only through people like Mark can this country really turn around and move on from it's history of discrimination.

Works Cited

  • "Presidency and retirement." Nelson Mandela. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2013. <http:/http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/361645/Nelson-Mandela/282997/Presidency-and-retirement>.

  • "Pride for Africa." 2010 Fifa World Cup South Africa. FIFA, n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2013. <http:/http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/archive/southafrica2010/index.html>.

  • "The Rainbow Nation votes." First Post-Apartheid Elections. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2013. <http:/http://www.google.com/culturalinstitute/exhibit/first-post-apartheid-elections/gRYOnhdb?position=14%2C25>.