Peru By : Chelsey Warren :)

The magnificent Country of peru :)

History

Ancient Peru was the seat of several prominent Andean civilizations, most notably that of the Incas whose empire was captured by Spanish conquistadors in 1533. Peruvian independence was declared in 1821, and remaining Spanish forces were defeated in 1824. After a dozen years of military rule, Peru returned to democratic leadership in 1980, but experienced economic problems and the growth of a violent insurgency. President Alberto FUJIMORI's election in 1990 ushered in a decade that saw a dramatic turnaround in the economy and significant progress in curtailing guerrilla activity. Nevertheless, the president's increasing reliance on authoritarian measures and an economic slump in the late 1990s generated mounting dissatisfaction with his regime, which led to his ouster in 2000. A caretaker government oversaw new elections in the spring of 2001, which installed Alejandro TOLEDO Manrique as the new head of government - Peru's first democratically elected president of indigenous Quechuan ethnicity. The presidential election of 2006 saw the return of Alan GARCIA Perez who, after a disappointing presidential term from 1985 to 1990, oversaw a robust economic rebound. In June 2011, former army officer Ollanta HUMALA Tasso was elected president, defeating Keiko FUJIMORI Higuchi, the daughter of Alberto FUJIMORI. Since his election, HUMALA has carried on the sound, market-oriented economic policies of the three preceding administrations.


The Culture of Peru :)

Peru is best known as the heart of the Inca Empire, but it was home to many many diverse indigenous culture's long before the Incas arrived.


GDP

$199 billion (2012 est.)


GDP per capita

$10,900 (2012 est.)

country comparison to the world: 111

$10,400 (2011 est.)

$9,900 (2010 est.)

note: data are in 2012 US dollars




National Language

Spanish (official) 84.1%, Quechua (official) 13%, Aymara (official) 1.7%, Ashaninka 0.3%, other native languages (includes a large number of minor Amazonian languages) 0.7%, other 0.2% (2007 Census)


Type of Government

constitutional republic


Name of leader and title

chief of state: President Ollanta HUMALA Tasso


Capital

name: Lima


3 Tourists attractions

1 Located near Ica, Huacachina is a tiny oasis town surrounding a small natural lake and itself surrounded by towering sand dunes. Once a playground for the Peruvian elite, these days Huacachina mostly attracts international tourists. The big draw here is the opportunity to sand board and taking dune buggy rides on the sand dunes.


    2 The vast adobe city of Chan Chan in Peru was the largest city in pre-Columbian America. It is estimated that around 30,000 people lived in the city. The centre of Chan Chan consists of several walled citadels which housed ceremonial rooms, burial chambers and temples. The city was built by the Chimu around 850 AD and lasted until its conquest by the Inca Empire in 1470 AD.

    3 Located on the northern coast, Máncora is a small town featuring Peru’s best sandy beach, stretching for several kilometers along the Pacific. The town also boasts a large proportion of beach resorts, luxury restaurants and nightclubs for such a small town where the Pan-American Highway serves as the town’s main street. The consistently good waves makes Mancora a popular surfing destination while a raucous nightlife keeps visitors busy after the sun disappears.

    Major Geographical Features

    Along the west coast of Peru, a dry, almost rainless desert covers the land. It stretches from where the coastal plain of the Pacific Ocean to the Andes Mountain Range. Many of the mountains in this part of the Andes are volcanos. In the southern part of the Andes is a large highland plain, the Altiplano. Inside the Altiplano is Lake Titicaca, a large lake shared by Peru and its neighbor, Bolivia. Lastly, on the east side of the Andes is a rainy topical forest which stretches to the eastern border of Peru.