Emile Durkheim (1858-1917)

By Samantha Hall

Background Information

Emile Durkheim was a French sociologist who became known in the late 1800s to the early 1900s. He graduated in 1882 and started teaching what he learned in school. In 1887 he was hired to teach Social Sciences at the University of Bordeaux in France. This job allowed him to teach the first sociology class in France. About 15 years later Mr. Durkheim was given a promotion so then he became the chair of the Science of Education. Then later in his life he became a full professor that taught just sociology. Emile was not the first person that thought up the concept of sociology. Auguste Comte and Herbert Spencer were the other two sociologist who influenced Emile Durkheim to take their thoughts further. He formally established education discipline of sociology. He believed that to understand human behavior you must look at social influences. He also discovered that people with fewer social ties are more likely to commit suicide.

"It is science and not religion which has taught men that things are complex and difficult to understand"

10 interesting facts

1 His first name is David (Fun Fact)

2 He saw his sociology as the science of the genesis and functioning of institutions

3 He figured that there is two different classes to social facts

4 He has made 4 books about what he believes and what he learned

5 His very first and most important rule is that he wanted social facts to be treated as an actually thing and not some joke

6 He is credited as being one of the founders of sociology

7 He was one of the first people in the West to show how a certain person's social background affects the way that person sees the world.

8 He has worked with Karl Marx and Max Weber

9 He developed social facts

10 He argued that human societies could exist on a civil basis without religion