Saudi Arabia

Riyadh the capital, is a skyscraper-filled metropolis.


Wahhabi Islam is the state religion of Saudi Arabia and its law requires that all citizens be Muslims. The government does not legally protect the freedom of religion. Any overseas national attempting to acquire Saudi nationality (or marry a Saudi citizen) must convert to Islam. Saudi Arabia has been criticized for its implementation of Islamic law and its poor human rights record.

Type of Government in Saudi Arabia

The politics of Saudi Arabia takes place in the context of an absolute monarchy, where the King of Saudi Arabia is both head of state and the head of government, but decisions are, to a large extent, made on the basis of consultation among the senior princes of the royal family and the religious establishment. The Qur'an is declared to be the constitution of the country, which is governed on the basis of Islamic Law (Shari'a).

Climate and Population

  • Climate: Saudi Arabia has a desert climate characterized by extreme heat during the day, an abrupt drop in temperature at night, and very low annual rainfall. Because of the influence of a subtropical high-pressure system, there is considerable variation in temperature and humidity

  • Population: This statistic shows the total population of Saudi Arabia from 2004 to 2014, with projections up until 2020. In 2012, Saudi Arabia's total population amounted to an estimated 29.2 million inhabitants.

Language Spoken in Saudi Arabia

Arabic is the official language of Saudi Arabia, but English is widely spoken. It is used in business and is a compulsory second language in schools. Among the non-Saudi population, many people speak Urdu, the official language of Pakistan, and other Asian languages such as Farsi and Turkish.