20th Century

Monique Tuttle

Skyscrapers

Chicago initially led the way in skyscraper design, with many constructed in the center of the financial district during the late 1880s and early 1890s. The first decade of the 20th century saw a new wave of skyscraper construction. The demand for new office space to hold America's expanding workforce of white-collar staff continued to grow.

New forms of mass entertainment

Radio changed the way Americans received information and the way they were entertained. Radio was first used by the military as a means of communication for Navy ships. In 1920, radio became the first form of mass communication


Telephone lines connecting the east and west coasts of the United States were completed in 1915, making it possible to speak to someone across the country. Today, in the 21st century, phone calls between friends and businesses around the world are common everyday occurrences.

Mass production of the automobile

The Ford Model T is an automobile that was produced by Henry Ford's Motor Company from October 1, 1908, to May 27, 1927. It is generally regarded as the first affordable automobile. The Ford Model T was named the world's most influential car of the 20th century.
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First in flight

At 10:35 a.m. on December 17, 1903, Orville Wright flew the Flyer for 12 seconds over 120 feet of ground. This flight, conducted on Kill Devil Hill just outside of Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, was the very first flight by a manned, controlled, heavier-than-air aircraft that flew under it's own power.


Wilbur Wright and Orville Wright were brothers who ran both a printing shop and a bicycle shop in Dayton, Ohio. The skills they learned from working on printing presses and bicycles were invaluable in trying to design and build a working airplane.

Discrimination

In Plessy v. Ferguson , the Supreme Court considered the constitutionality of a Louisiana law passed in 1890 "providing for separate railway carriages for the white and colored races." The law, which required that all passenger railways provide separate cars for blacks and whites, banned whites from sitting in black cars and blacks in white cars as well.


For many African Americans growing up in the South in the 19th and 20th centuries, the threat of lynching was common place. an act of terror meant to spread fear among blacks, served the broad social purpose of maintaining white supremacy in the economic, social and political spheres.


Wilmington Race riot which occurred in, Wilmington NC starting on November 10, 1898 and continued for several days. It is considered a turning point in post-reconstruction north Carolina politics. it was a era of severe racial segregation and disfranchisement throughout the South.

W.E.B Dubois, Booker T. Washington, Ida B wells

William Edward Burghardt Du Bois was an American civil rights activist, leader, Pan-Africanist, sociologist, educator, historian, writer, editor, poet, and scholar. He became a naturalized citizen of Ghana in 1963 at the age of 95.


Educator Booker T. Washington was one of the foremost African-American leaders of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, founding the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute, now known as Tuskegee University.


Ida B. Wells was an African-American journalist and activist who led an anti-lynching crusade in the United States in the 1890