Hitler Youth and Propaganda
What is propaganda and how did it influence the majority of Germany?
Propaganda is a form of biased information aimed towards influencing the attitude of a population toward something or to promote a point of view to the society. During World War II, Propaganda was a driving force that kept the battles heated and each nation’s population united for a common cause. Germany created vast promotions during the war that were degrading to it opposing side. A great sense of nationalism was building up and these propagandists did anything to keep their country on top no matter how degrading and deceiving we could possibly be. One of the main reasons why World War II had a huge impact on the world was from propaganda because it promoted a great deal of industry and economic stability. If you think of how many people participated in the war, you would probably only think of how many soldiers fought in the war and how many casualties there were. Due to the art of propaganda, most of the citizens from each country during World War 2 were acting participants because it lit a fire in everyone’s heart to help their country’s cause in whatever way possible. Propaganda within Nazi Germany was taken to a new and frequently perverse level. Hitler was very aware of the value of good propaganda as he appointed Joseph Goebbels as head of propaganda. Goebbels promoted the views that all of Germany should be Aryan. Due to the mass number of propaganda posters being used Germans were brainwashed and that's why the majority of Germans were influenced by propaganda.
Hitler Youth- What is it and when and who started it?
The Hitler Youth known as Hitler-jugend was the youth organization of the Nazi Party in Germany. Hitler youth was formed in 1926 by Nazi leader Adolf Hitler. It was the way in which Hitler manipulated the future generation. Naturally Hitler like most leaders in totalitarian countries realized that most adults had already made up their minds one way or another regarding National Socialism, so he made sure that the next generation would be fully indoctrinated into his party's way of thinking. The reason why Hitler made Hitler-Youth was to instil Nazi ideas, and to prepare Youth for army, work, and war efficiency. Germans could join Hitler youth at the age of 10. The organization was divided into two categories, one for members ages 10-14 and the other for members 14-18. The organizational structure was based on a military model, with squads, platoons, and companies. Hitler was a firm believer in the need to indoctrinate Nazi ideology. by the end of 1933 membership stood at just over 2 million. In December 1936, membership of the Hitler Youth became virtually compulsory for all boys and girls aged over 10 years. According to baldur von schirach a Hitler youth member; we were taught a lot of national stuff an example was a quote ”Germany must live, even if we have to die”. Hilter youth was an effective way in brainwashing youth.
How was life like a Hitler youth, and what activities do they do?
The children of the Hitler Youth did not spend their entire day in the program, even though their life was based around Hitler's ideology. They also had to go to school and perform their duties at home. A child’s day would start with them going to school, just like any other kid, but this school wasn’t the usual curriculum that present time follows. In 1933, the Nazis saw major problems in the school system. They thought that the schools placed too much emphasis on the individual and not enough on the racial Aryan community, and about leadership. Thought need less intellectual education and more physical and character development. They wanted the future of the Nordic race to be healthy, and to be aware of their duty to racial purity. The Hitler Youth life interfered a lot in a child’s home life, but they were still expected to obey orders, do chores, and grow up into adults. It was different though because the Nazi leadership had a greater deal of influence over the families, they even would tell people exactly what to buy for a child’s birthday. This influence caused a great dispute between children and their parents because the kids were learning from an early age on, the National Socialist’s ideas; it became a greater influence than what parents were preaching. If a parent didn’t agree with Nazi Ideology, they could face fines, go to prison, or have their kids taken away for being “politically unreliable.” Their duties in the Hitler Youth involved a lot of activities. They participated in sports, warlike games, swimming, boxing, and hiking. Hiking and marching was a big deal because it taught the males discipline and got them physically fitter.
What was the role of propaganda in WW 2, and why was it so effective?
Joseph Goebbels- who was he and what was his role in Germany?
Education played a very important part in Nazi Germany in trying to cultivate a loyal following for Hitler and the Nazis. The Nazis were aware that education would create loyal Nazis by the time they reached adulthood. The Hitler Youth had been created for post-school activities and schools were to play a critical part in developing a loyal following for Hitler - indoctrination and the use of propaganda were to be a common practice in Nazi schools and the education system. Enforcing a Nazi curriculum on schools depended on the teachers delivering it. All teachers had to be vetted by local Nazi officials. Any teacher considered disloyal was sacked. Many attended classes during school holidays in which the Nazi curriculum was spelled out and 97% of all teachers joined the Nazi Teachers' Association. All teachers had to be careful about what they said as children were encouraged to inform the authorities if a teacher said something that did not fit in with the Nazi's curriculum for schools. According to Jarod Kintz he said that life as a kid wasn’t that nice, they had to follow all the Nazi Party rules if we disobey him we were punished. Germany’s youth was truly indoctrinated.