Smallpox

By Caleb Peters

How it is spread

Smallpox is spread very easily. It can be caught by contact with an infected person. Another way is in contact with a contaminated item. These ways can be used as a form as bio-terrorism.

Types of Smallpox

Smallpox has two main versions. They are variola major and variola minor. Variola major is more common but less dangerous than variola minor which is rare. They both share the same symptoms.
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Symptoms

The ways to tell if someone has smallpox is easy to spot. They will have a high fever, a terrible headache, diarrhea, severe fatigue, vomiting, rash, and overall discomfort. Discomfort in anything like sitting or talking about what you want to eat for dinner.

When you get it

The incubation period lasts 7 to 17 days, it isn't contagious, and may show not show any symptoms. The first symptoms lasts 2 to 4 days, it can be contagious, and will show some of the symptoms. The early rash lasts 1 to 5 days, will be contagious, a rash develops on mouth and tongue, rash spreads to the skin and spreads everywhere, rash bumps fill up with a dark fluid, and fever remains high. Pustular rash lasts 5 to 10 days, very contagious, and feels like BB pellets under the skin. Rash scabs lasts 15 to 21 days, contagious, and the bumps begin to scab. Resolving scabs lasts 21 not contagious and beyond the scabs fall off.
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How it is dealt with

Smallpox has no cure. If you get it you will be put in isolation. You will take a vaccine to lessen or stop the disease. It can leave scars behind that look nasty.

After the disease

After the disease most survive, but smallpox can be fatal. People who live through it recover. If you had it you are now immune to smallpox. It is not a big threat because there is very little of the disease left that is being used for testing.
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Facts about smallpox

Some facts about smallpox. Lasts case reported in 1977. Only two research labs have it one is the U.S.A. and Russia. Bio-terrorist could use this disease but barely any of it left.

History

It starts back in 10000 B.C. when researchers agree that it originated in Africa. By 8000 B.C it showed in the Fertile Crescent. It also appeared in 3000 B.C. when Ancient Egyptians first documented it. 1500 B.C. records it in India. Egyptians may have passed it to the Hittite Empire during a war in 1350 B.C. which nearly destroyed the empire. A Egyptian pharaoh Ramses V who died in 1157 B.C. shows marks on that look like smallpox. During 430 B.C. shows that a smallpox-like disease hit Athens, Greece. It made its way to China in 250 B.C.
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Bio-terrorism

Bio-terrorism can use this disease to infect and harm others. It can be used by mailing an infected item to the person. Smallpox can be released into the air to infect. Having contact with a person who was sent to you. The risk of bio-terrorism using this disease is very low for not having many of it left.

Bibliography

Fox, George Henry. A Case of Smallpox, 1886. Digital image. Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. Web.

Iayork. Smallpox posters. Digital image. Iayork. Web.

Murphy, Fred, Dr. Smallpox virus. Digital image. Http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smallpox#mediaviewer/File:Smallpox_virus_virions_TEM_PHIL_1849.JPG. Web.

Peters, Stephanie True. Epidemic!: Smallpox in the New World. New York: Benchmark, 2005. Print.

"Questions and Answers About Smallpox Disease." CDC Smallpox Q & A. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.

Ridgway, Tom. Smallpox. New York: Rosen, 2001. Print.

"Smallpox." Mayo Clinic. 16 Aug. 2014. Web. 30 Nov. 2014.

"Smallpox: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia." U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library of Medicine. Web. 09 Dec. 2014.

"Smallpox: MedlinePlus." U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library of Medicine. Web. 03 Dec. 2014.

"SMALLPOX." SMALLPOX. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.