Ghana was the first great African empire of the western Sudan. Soninke (Mande people who descend from the bafour and are cloesy realted to the imraguem of mauritania) founded Ghana as early as the year 300 and it lasted around 1200. Ghana became known for its rich culture, wealth, organization, and power. The name Ghana means both “warrior king” and “king of gold.”
The wealth of ancient Ghana demanded an annual sacrifice in return for guaranteeing prosperity in the Kingdom, each year a virgin was offered up for sacrifice.