Paper 2 Review
In what ways, and for what reasons, did the role and status of women change as a result of twentieth century total war?
The twentieth century total every duty of a women was the description of a housewife. Their duties were cleaning the house, cooking, and washing clothes. Their duties were basic responsibilities of a dependent wife. They did not get paid for what they did but it was their job to do it. It was what a traditional wife is supposed to do. Women could not have a job. They were forced to be dependent on their husbands.
The twentieth century total war, women became more independent as they proved during the war that they could work just as men could. Women started working more and became more than just a housewife. They were now working mothers. Even though they were not encouraged much to work after the war, some women still worked to continue to prove they should be seen as equal and have equal rights. Men became more dependent as women started taking more jobs. .
Women's Rights Movement
At the international level, the women's rights movement made progress. The preamble to the United Nations Charter referred to equal rights for women; in 1948 the UN Commission on the Status of Women was established; in 1952 the UN General Assembly held a convention on the political rights of women. The United Nations Decade for Women (1976–85) emphasized the international scope of the women’s rights movement. The force of the women's rights movement was brought to bear on the major issue of the ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment to the Constitution.
Analyse the role of Vietnam in the development of the cold war between 1964 and 1975
- The U.S. sent military aid to the French during the first Indochina War. The aid was done under the Marshall Plan and included planes. From 1908 onwards, pilots flew to supply missions.
-The second Indochina War, which was the Vietnam War, started in May 1954. The war lasted until December 4th 1975. The last US troops killed were in May 1975 when the US marines attacked several Khmer Rouge positions in Kompong Som, Cambodia during the Mayagueza incident.
-President Truman broke the promise made by President Roosevelt to Ho Chi Minh and the Viet Minh to recognize Vietnamese independence after WW2. Instead, the US supported the French in reclaiming their five Indochinese colonies of Tonkin, Annam and Cochin China along with Laos and Cambodia.
-On Indochina, the conference produced a set of documents known as the Geneva Accords. These agreements temporarily separated Vietnam into two zones, a northern zone to be governed by the Viet Minh, and a southern zone to be governed by the state of Vietnam.
President Harry S. Truman
Truman was the 33rd president. In his first months in office he dropped the atomic bomb on Japan, ending World War II. His policy of communist containment started the Cold War, and he initiated U.S. involvement in the Korean War. He announced his domestic policy initiative, the “Fair Deal” program, in his 1949 State of the Union address. Building on Roosevelt’s “New Deal,” it included universal health care, an increase in the minimum wage, more funding for education and a guarantee of equal rights under the law for all citizens. He left office in 1953 and died in 1972.
Ho Chi Minh
Ho Chi Minh emerged as an outspoken voice for Vietnamese independence while living as a young man in France during World War I. Inspired by the Bolshevik Revolution, he joined the Communist Party and traveled to the Soviet Union. He helped found the Indochinese Communist Party in 1930 and the League for the Independence of Vietnam, or Viet Minh, in 1941. Known as “Uncle Ho,” he would serve in that position for the next 25 years, becoming a symbol of Vietnam’s struggle for unification during a long and costly conflict with the strongly anti-Communist regime in South Vietnam and its powerful ally, the United States.
was a conference which took place in Geneva, Switzerland, whose purpose was to attempt to find a way to settle outstanding issues on the Korean peninsula and discuss the possibility of restoring peace in Indochina. The Soviet Union, the United States, France, the United Kingdom, and the People's Republic of China were participants throughout the whole conference while different countries concerned with the two questions were also represented during the discussion of their respective questions, which included the countries that sent troops through the United Nations to the Korean War and the various countries that ended the First Indochina War between France and the Viet Minh.