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The Four Modernization's were goals first set forth by Zhou Enlai in 1963, and enacted by Deng Xiaoping, starting in 1978, to strengthen the fields of agriculture, industry, national defense, and science and technology in China. They were introduced in 1963. The Four Modernization's were designed to make China a great economic power by the early 21st century.
Massacre in Tienanmen Square
Started in 1989. Several hundred civilians have been shot dead by the Chinese army during a bloody military operation to crush a democratic protest. The Tienanmen Square massacre occurred as a result of student-initiated demand for a social reform to bring better employment conditions and opportunities for the working class. The people were asking for Democratic reform. Millions of people were killed. George Bush was the president at the time of this. He said he deeply deplored the use of force, and UK Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher said she was "shocked and appalled by the shootings".