Native American Flyer
created by Walker Ridgeway
Anasazi 500-1200 AD
They made dams, ditches, and canals to trap rain and make it move to the garden on canyon floor. Houses made of adobe and stone, were multi-stored, apartment-like structures. They lived along the sides of cliffs or large plazas. The main part of the tribe in Chaco Canyon was the Pueblo Bonito where there was a complex that had 1000 people. They built roads for trading networks on Pueblo Bonito. Craftsmen made turquoise jewelry, woven baskets, and pottery. Heavily influenced art and architecture of late groups such as the Hopi and Zuni. Left due to many droughts.
Adena (known as the eastern woodlands people)
Lived in the Ohio valley area (around 700 BC). They grew many plants such as: barley, squash, gourds, and sunflowers. Produced copper jewelry and fine pottery. Made complex burial mounds made of log structures and covered by dirt.
Hopewell (also known as the Eastern Woodland people)
Arrived in the same place as the Adena except they arrived in 300 BC. Built mounds 40 ft high to 100 ft wide. Extensive trade network. Adena and Hopewell both called "Mound Builders".
Came to Mississippi valley around 800 AD. Had plants that were used for many foods and when added Maize and Beans had a bigger population. Increase in population called for more land. More land resulted in more cities with up to a population of 10,000- the largest was Cahokia (located near present day East St. Louis). In the center of Cahokia was an enormous mound; approximately 100 ft high with a base of more than 14 acres (larger than the great pyramid in Egypt!). Surrounding that mound was smaller mounds. All Mississippi civilizations collapsed by around 1300.