World Religions

By Nicolette Boaz

Christianity

  • Believes in the teachings of Jesus Christ, God's son.
  • Many branches of Christianity
  • Worship in a church
  • Pray to god, worship him, and read and practice what's in the Bible (new and Old Testament)
  • Monotheistic
  • Celebrate Christmas
  • Christians believe that Jesus Christ was the Son of God and that:

    • God sent his Son to earth to save humanity from the consequences of its sins
    • Jesus was fully human, and experienced this world in the same way as other human beings of his time
    • Jesus was tortured and gave his life on the Cross (At the Crucifixion)
    • Jesus rose from the dead on the third day after his Crucifixion (the Resurrection)


What is Christianity?

Judaism

  • The Torah
  • Judaism is the oldest of the world's four biggest monotheistic religions
  • Jewish history begins with the covenant established between God and Abraham around 1812 BC in the Middle East.
  • Abraham founded
  • Worship in Synagogue
  • Jews believe that there is a single God who not only created the universe, but with whom every Jew can have an individual and personal relationship but unlike Christianity does not believe in the teachings of Jesus
  • Celebrate Hanukkah


Facts about Judaism

Hinduism

  • Hinduism is the world's third most popular religion, with around 750 million followers
  • originated in Northern India and the worlds oldest religion
  • Mandir sacred building
  • For many Hindus, religion is a matter of practice rather than of beliefs.
  • Hindus believe in a universal soul or God called Brahman who takes many forms
  • Believe in karma and reincarnation
  • Polytheistic
  • Brahma - known as the Creator. Vishnu - Known as the Preserver Shiva (Siva)- known as the Destroyer.
  • Do not just have one sacred book but several scriptures
  • Holi- festival of colors and spring (February-March)
  • Mahashivaratri (Shiva Ratri) - night sacred to Shiva (February-March)
  • Rama Navami - birthday of Lord Rama (April)
  • Etc.


Hindu creation story
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Islam

  • Muslims believe that there is only one God, called Allah. (Monotheistic)
  • mainly followed in the Middle East, Asia, and the north of Africa
  • Worship in mosque
  • Believe in one god Allah and that the life of every human being will be assessed to decide whether they go to heaven or hell on the day of judgement
  • Holy book called qur'an
  • Kneel to pray long prayers
  • Have five pillars of Islam
  • Celebrate Eid Al-Fitr and Eid Al-adha
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Learn Five Pillars of Islam - for kids

Buddhism

  • Began in North East India
  • a religion about suffering and the need to get rid of it
  • Not centred on the relationship between humanity and God they do not believe in a personal creator God
  • inspired by the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha)
  • Worship in a temple
  • Buddhist New Year- Buddhist think about how to be kinder and more generous to people
  • Holy text- Tripitaka
  • Belief in Buddha, The teaching of Buddha, The sangha
  • Reincarnation
  • Neither polytheistic nor monotheistic
Explaining about Buddhism and basic principles of Buddhism-2(English-3)
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