Physical Geography - Spain

Kyle Towe, Jeremy Lim, Dominic Farrell

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The absolute location of Madrid

(Spain's capital) is 40 degrees north, and 3 degrees West.

Spain's relative location in Europe is south-west of France, east of Portugal, and west of the Mediterranean.


Spain goes through all four seasons; spring, fall, summer, and winter. Because the earth is tilted on an axis, spain gets different amounts of sunlight throughout the year.

Land and Water Forms


Collision of two tectonic plates, making them peak up into a mountain range. The mountains are expected to grow because the tectonic plates are not thought to have lost momentum yet.


Spain has four main climate areas; Continental, Oceanic, Mountain, and Mediterranean. The Continental climate zone covers most of Spain and is described by hot summers, snowy and cold winters, and heavy rainfall during the late spring. The Oceanic climate near Spain’s northern coast and has a lot of rainfall, with warm summers and not very cold winters. The Mountain climate exists in the areas of Spain that have mountains. these areas have warm summers and cold winters with high winds and strong rain throughout the year. The Mediterranean climate is in southern Spain with mild seasons.


Spain has a temperate deciduous forest biome. This is used to describe the climate and the plants and animals that live in a certain area. So a temperate deciduous forest biome will have an average temperature of 50 degrees fahrenheit, with an average rainfall of 30-60 inches. This area has oak, beech, maple, chestnut hickory, elm, basswood, linden, walnut, and sweet gum trees. Animals that live here include bears, raccoons, squirrels, skunks, wood mice, and, in the U.S., deer can be found in these forests, along with bobcats, timberwolves,coyotes, and elk but these animals have been hunted to near extinction.

Natural Disasters


Earthquakes include the 1428 Catalonia Earthquake, 2007 Iberian Peninsula Earthquake, and the 2011 Lorca Earthquake. These earthquakes were occurred because of the collision and sliding of the tectonic plates under the country of Spain, Atlantic Ocean, and the area around it.

Tropical Storm

Tropical Storm Delta (2005)- This tropical storm occurred because an area of low pressure occurred over the Atlantic Ocean. Because of a cold front over the Atlantic, the storm became bigger and was pushed over eastward to the area of Spain.

Heat Wave

2003 European Heat Wave- Hottest summer on record in Europe. Causes may be an anticyclone stationed near northwestern Europe may of prevented precipitation, global warming, and remaining effects of the El Nino event.