A Breakdown of Cancer

Drake Boggan

Cancer, what is it?

Cancer is a disease caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in a part of the body

What is the difference from a normal/healthy cell vs. a cancerous cell?

A cancer cell is a cell that grows rapidly and at an uncontrolling rate. This causes mutations in the cell and causing that cell to change from a normal cell to a cancer cell. When the cell grows at its normal pace and doesn't have a rapid growth, it stays normal and healthy, it does not become cancerous. A normal cell will only reproduce when the right time comes and its necessary time, whereas the cancer cells don't stop growing and dividing and it soon starts to pile up and become bigger and bigger causing tumors.

What is a tumor?

A tumor is the swelling of a part of the body, generally without inflammation, caused by an abnormal growth of tissue, whether benign or malignant.

How do tumors form?

Tumors occur when cells divide and grow excessively in the body. Normally, the body controls cell growth and division. New cells are created to replace older ones or to perform new functions. Cells that are damaged or no longer needed die to make room for healthy replacements. If the balance of cell growth and death is disturbed, a tumor may form.

What is breast cancer?

Breast Cancer is a malignant tumor that starts in the cells of the breast. A malignant tumor is a group of cancer cells that can grow into (invade) surrounding tissues or spread (metastasize) to distant areas of the body. The disease occurs in mostly women but men are able to form the disease as well.

How common is breast cancer?

Female breast cancer is most common in middle-aged and older women. The number of new cases of female breast cancer was 124.8 per 100,000 women per year based on 2008-2012 cases. Female breast cancer is most frequently diagnosed among women aged 55-64 years old.

What are some symptoms/warning signs of breast cancer?

Symptoms of breast cancer include a lump in the breast, bloody discharge from the nipple, and changes in the shape or texture of the nipple or breast.

Treatments for Breast Cancer

Treatment depends on the stage of cancer. It may consist of chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery.

Treatments include Chemotherapy regimen, Chemotherapy regimen by injection, Hormones, and other also common procedures are External beam radiotherapy, Mammaplasty, Tissue expansion, Lymphadenectomy, Lumpectomy, Radiation therapy, and Mastectomy.

Outcome Of Cancer.... What are the chances of living?

Stage 0: 100%

Stage I: 100%

Stage II: 93%

Stage III: 72%

Stage IV: 22%