Chapter 15 Smore Project

Davis / Kieran / Jeff / Richard / Ramsey

Abolition of Slaves (Ramsey and Richard) Period 2, April 12

During the 1830’s, some Americans, who had been against slavery, wanted to end it once and for all. They came together to take organized action and formed a movement to support abolition, a complete end to slavery in the United States. Some ways abolitionists brought attention to their cause was through freeing other slaves.
America the Story of Us: Frederick Douglass | History

Prison Reform (Davis Baldwin) period (2) March 18 through April 13


Many people in prison are living in horrible conditions. The jail cells are overcrowded and the mentally ill are forced to live in cruel conditions. Mentally ill people are being jailed with criminals. Young kids are receiving the same horrible treatement as adults.

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Dorothea Dix Background/motivation (leader)

Dorothea Dix was a teacher, author, and reformer. Dorothea was also a advocate for female nurses. Dorothea Dix was born in Hamden Maine, in 1802. Her father Joseph was an itinerant Methodist preacher who was often away from home. Her mom suffered from depression. Dorothea was the oldest of 3 children. She designed schools and started a curriculum. Dix had poor health so she was frequently absent which gave her time to write books. Dix had to close down her school due to her poor health. Then she started to go to prisons to observe the conditions. Later when the Civil war began she oversaw the nursing staff. Dorothea Dix was harsh to the nurses. As a result her authority was stripped and she continued her work as social reformer. Dorothea Dix later died in 1887 at the age of 85. Dorothea wanted to help the insane because she knew how horrible it felt to have poor health.

Remedies to the problem (leaders)

One leader who helped fix the problems with the jails was Dorothea Dix. Dorothea Dix journeyed to many prisons observing how horrible the mentally ill were being treated. Dix wrote down her findings and presented it to the legislature of Massachusetts. As a result of her efforts the government agreed to create special separate facilities for mentally ill people. More than 100 state hospitals were constructed for more professional care to the mentally ill. Other reformers protested against the treatment of young prisoners. One leader of this group was Josiah Quincy who was the Boston mayor. He asked that young prisoners be given different treatment than the adults. Several states began to make reforms schools where the children could learn useful skills still while being under strict rules. Some reformers tried to end the overcrowding and horrible living conditions of the prisons. The government responded by creating houses of correction. In these houses they did not only punish the prisoner but also tried to change the prisoner behavior through education.

The result

Many mentally ill people were provided better living conditions. The younger prisoners were treated better then before.
Dorothea Dix
Dorthea Dix and Prison Reform in the U.S.

Prison Reform Bibliography Staff. "Dorothea Lynde Dix." A&E Television Networks, 01 Jan. 2009. Web. 12 Apr. 2016.

Kyhistoricalsociety. "Dorthea Dix and Prison Reform in the U.S." YouTube. YouTube, 28 Sept. 2012. Web. 12 Apr. 2016.

IsabellaRamundo. "Dorothea Dix." YouTube. YouTube, 17 Nov. 2013. Web. 12 Apr.


Wave of Immigrants and Nativist Response (Jeff)

Large numbers of immigrants crossed the Atlantic Ocean to begin new lives in the United States. More than 4 million immigrants settled in the United States between 1840 and 1860, most of them from Europe. More than 3 million of these immigrants were German or Irish. Many immigrants were fleeing economic or political troubles in their native countries.
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Many came because of economic and political troubles in native country

: Europe had better food and homes causing a population growth. Europe soon became overcrowded.

The know nothing party was a group that wanted to keep immigrants and refugees out of there country

Education And The common School Movement- Kieran Cassidy, 2

Many people believed that common schooling was a blunt tool used for social control but many others thought schooling would bring the United States together as a country. The first problem with common schooling was that parents were afraid to send their children to school because it was also important to a family that a child would learn about their religion and old family history. Another reason that parents were scared of public school was that their children may be a part of racism or judged because of their religion.

The First Man To Try to begin the Common School Movement Was Horace Mann

The Movement To Education For All

Horace saw that a free education would bring the United States together and eventually lead to a smarter country. Many parents during the early 1800's were scared of sending their children to school for many reasons. But, Horace wanted to put those reasons aside and show the bright side of schooling but he had trouble doing it because may parents were sticking to their word through the whole process. Mann was an ardent member of the Whig Party and argued that free education was the best way to uplift all Americans. Many Political institutions were created to teach working class people about free schooling that every child would receive but they only gained few supporters. The movement showed the morals of the United States citizens and they needed to change. Horace Mann eventually became the Secretary of Massachusetts Board of Education during the movement. When the Public Schools began to open they began to show that the people at the free public schools were poor and many children were made fun of because they lived in a lower class family but at least the children regardless of race, religion,social class,or country of origin began an education. Free education in the United Stated led to the creation of many great minds that have shaped the US into the country that it is today.

Bibliography- Kieran

"Common School Movement - Colonial and Republican Schooling, Changes in the Antebellum Era, The Rise of the Common School." - N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2016

"Horace Mann Quotes." . QuotesGram. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2016.

"Horace Mann." A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2016.

"Education: Essay." Disability History Museum--: Disability History Museum. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Apr. 2016.