"Night of Broken Glass"

November 9, 1938

Anti-Jewish rallies were organized throughout German occupied territories. The Nazis were spreading propaganda against the Jews and this was a planned, violent act. Thousands of Jewish businesses and synagogues were damaged and destroyed. It was nicknamed "Night of Broken Glass" because of all the fractured glass lying on the ground.

According to the United States Memorial Holocaust Museum,

"In two days, over 250 synagogues were burned, over 7,000 Jewish businesses were trashed and looted, dozens of Jewish people were killed, and Jewish cemeteries, hospitals, schools, and homes were looted while police and fire brigades stood by. "

Nazis fined the Jews to pay for the damages, so Jewish people couldn't file insurance claims. Thousands of beautiful synagogues destroyed forever.

Destruction of the Dortmund synagogue during Kristallnacht (the "Night of Broken Glass"). Germany, November 1938.

— Stadtarchiv Dortmund

Kristallnacht- German pogrom of 1938

Video on Kristellnacht and other Nazi atrocities against the Jews.