Civics, Grade 10

Unit 1: Civics and Citizenship Begin Close to Home

What is Civics?

What is Civics?

Civics can be described as the exploration of

- the rights and responsibilities of citizens

- how decisions are made and who makes them

- ways that we can act for the common good in our communities at the local, national, and global level

The goal of learning about civics is to become an informed, engaged, and active citizen. The steps you take are as important as the facts that you learn. It is not a process that you will do alone - the citizenship process is one that we are all a part of.

Civics Writing Portfolio (discuss handout)

Use your class time wisely to begin decorating your Civics Portfolio. On your portfolio, you should have some introductory information about yourself and where you came from. Please include the following information on the front and/or back cover of your portfolio:

1. Your name and five symbols to represent you. (interests, hobbies, etc.)

2. Your country of origin and five symbols to represent it.

3. Course code: CHV 20

4. Words to describe how you define civics.

5. Words to describe how you define citizenship.

6. Be prepared to share your work with the class (observations/conversations)

Portfolio Introduction: Oral Presentation

Success Criteria Checklist:

___ I have included my name. (1 m)

___ I have included the course code. (1 m)

___ I have included the teacher's name. (1 m)

___ I have answered the question: How do I define CIVICS? (5 m)

___ I have included 5 symbols to represent who I am. (5 m)

___ I have included 5 symbols to represent my country. (5 m)

___ I was ready to present at the beginning of class on Tuesday, October 18th. (1 m)

___ I have reviewed the requirements on the Oral Presentation rubric. (1 m)

Total marks: /20

What does it mean to be a responsible Canadian citizen in the 21st century?
Canadian Citizenship (Becoming Canadian)

Important Terms:

Citizen - a person who lives in a city, town, or country, and who is legally allowed to have the rights and freedoms of the place in which he or she lives

Citizenship - understanding the rights of citizens in various communities and the roles, responsibilities, and actions that go along with these rights

Common good - the well-being of people in a community or society in terms of justice, fairness, prosperity, and respect for human rights and the environment

Values - your beliefs about what is most important or valuable in life

Portfolio Entry #1

Answer the following question by writing a one page reflection:

- What does citizenship mean to me?

Once you are finished writing your reflection, you must place your response in your portfolio. Please fill out the tracking sheet to indicate that you have completed this task.

How to be a Canadian
Rights and Responsibilities
The Charter of Rights and Freedoms

Your Rights and Responsibilities: Key Terms



income tax


non-governmental organization




rule of law

sentencing circle

social enterprise

The Right to Vote

Portfolio #3: Democracy Timeline

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Unit 2: Government and the Political Process

Government and Democracy
Parliament of Canada - What Defines Your Democracy?
The Levels of Government

The Three Levels of Government

Canada has three main levels of government.

1. The federal level

This level of government deals with areas of law listed in the Constitution Act, 1867 and that generally affect the whole country.

2. The provincial level

In each of the 10 provinces in Canada, the provincial government is responsible for areas listed in theConstitution Act, 1867, such as education, health care, some natural resources, and road regulations. Sometimes they share responsibility with the federal government. The three territories have their own governments, with responsibilities that are given to them by the federal government.

3. The municipal level

Municipal governments are responsible for areas such as libraries, parks, community water systems, local police, roadways and parking. They receive authority for these areas from the provincial governments. Across the country there are also band councils, which govern First Nations communities. These elected councils are similar to municipal councils and make decisions that affect their local communities.

Who Does What TVO
Municipalities in Ontario
The Rob Ford Story - the fifth estate

Community Involvement and Municipal Government

Key Terms:

by-law: a law enacted by a municipal council that applies to that municipality

deputation: a speech given to a governing body, or the act of appointing a person or group of people to represent others

enforcement: actions that compel people to obey laws

federal: to do with the central or national government of Canada

municipal council: a governing body of people elected to make decisions about municipal services and represent the interests of residents

municipal government: a system created by the provinces and territories for the purpose of managing local communities

municipality: a specified local area that is self-governed

Political Parties

Examine the list of possible Canadian political parties. Which ones do you believe are real?

  • Pirate Party of Canada
  • Green Party of Canada
  • Democratic Party
  • Work Less Party
  • Liberal Party of Canada
  • Conservative Party of Canada
  • Republican Party
  • New Democratic Party

Key Terms:

political party: an organization of people with similar values and beliefs who seek to influence or control the government by winning elections

party platform: a set of ideas and promises created during an election campaign to explain a political party's position on important issues

political ideology: a set of beliefs about how society should work and about the role of government in relation to economic, social, and moral affairs

Liberal Party of Canada

- Leader is Prime Minister Justin Trudeau
What does Real Change look like?

Conservative Party of Canada

- Former leader was Former Prime Minister Stephen Harper (held office from February 6, 2006 – November 4, 2015)

- Current interim leader is Rona Ambrose

Ignoring Harper, Conservative ad asks people to "Vote Conservative"

New Democratic Party of Canada (NDP)

- Former leader was Tom Mulcair
NDP Ad: "The Biggest Campaign Yet"

Green Party of Canada

- Leader is Elizabeth May
Green Party of Canada Ad: "Green Island Bus Tour"

Political Cartoon Analysis

  1. What event/issue inspired the cartoon?
  2. Are there famous people in the cartoon? If so, who? What are they saying?
  3. Are there any objects/symbols in the cartoon? What do they represent?
  4. What is the main message?
  5. Do you agree/disagree with the cartoonist's message? Why or why not?
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Article: Five ways Donald Trump could have an impact on Canada

Summary of an Article

  1. Find a recent article which deals with a federal government issue (like the one above).
  2. State the main idea of the article with an explanation of supporting evidence.
Prime Minister’s Cabinet Most Diverse Ever
How the Canadian Government Works