Moldova

By Cassie Wezniak

Introduction

Moldova is slightly larger than the U.S. state of Maryland and a bit larger than Belgium. Moldova is known as the poorest European country, but its food is known to be delicious. In this flyer, you will learn about Moldovan geography, Moldova's government, Moldovan traditional foods, some fun facts about the Moldovan flag, and more! You can even learn how to make a banana cream cheesecake and a sarmale!
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All the info you need to know

Geography and Travel

Moldova has several important cities, as there are currently 65 cities. Chisinau (the capital), Balti, Comrat, Tighina and Tiraspol are the most important cities though. Moldova is hilly with a gradual slope, toward the Black Sea. Moldova is relatively rugged, however elevations never reach beyond1,411 ft- which is the country's highest point, Balanesti Hill. Much of the terrain along the Moldavian Plateau (a part of the Carpathian Mountains) is made up of steep slopes of forest with some valleys and rivers. The Plateau is located along North East Romania, almost all of Moldova, and most of the Chernivtsi Oblast of the Ukraine. The Prut River makes up the entire western border of Moldova with Romania, but the Dniester River only forms a very small portion bordering the Ukraine. Moldova also contains the Bic River, the Colganic River and the Rut River all throughout the country. The summers are warm and long, the temperatures average about 68 degrees Fahrenheit (20 degrees Celsius). The winters are dry and usually mild, with January temperatures averaging around 25 degrees Fahrenheit (-4 degrees Celsius). Most people live in Chisinau (671,800), as it is the country's largest city and the capital. Nearly all tourists travel by plane to Moldova. If you were taking a trip from DFW to Moldova, it would be best to travel by plane, as it would take approximately 15 hours and 5 minutes, with a cost of about $3309.

Sources:

http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/europe/moldova/mdland.htm

www.mapsofworld.com/moldova/cities/

http://www.altiusdirectory.com/Travel/moldova-rivers-list.html

http://countrystudies.us/moldova/12.htm

Foreign Policy and Government

Two Moldovan Parties formed a Parliamentary Democracy Government in Moldova after the parliamentary election last year. Since 1999, Moldova has been divided into ten districts. Moldova is a form of limited government. Nicole Vasile Timofti is the president of Moldova, as he was elected in 2012. The Parliament makes the laws. The only current issues is that Moldova just voted on February 19 so that in the future, they will have a new form of European Democracy. The citizens in Moldova do have similar rights that we do in the U.S. We both elect a president, have 3 branches, we vote on our representatives, and the parliament makes the laws. We both have forms of democracy and elections. Moldova is not a member of the United Nations, and, since Moldova is Europe's "poorest" country, they usually do not have much country interaction and they do not often offer foreign aid. However, the United States has given aid to Moldova, and some other European countries offer aid.

Sources:

http://www.rferl.org/content/moldova/26809974.html

http://www.planetrulers.com/moldova-president/

http://www.everyculture.com/Ma-Ni/Moldova.html

http://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2014/12/234582.htm

http://www.un.org/en/members/

Economy

Moldova has no natural resources-it completely depends on imports (mainly from Russia)- aside from a very little amount of gas, oil reserves, and gypsum. The currency is called Moldovan leu; one U.S. dollar would equal $18.44 Moldovan leus. The most exportable items are petroleum, bauxite, aluminum, chemicals, steel, vegetables, manufactures, animal products and textiles. Moldova usually ships these products to Italy, Germany, Russia, and Romania. The most important importable products come from Germany, Russia, Italy and Ukraine, and the products mostly consist of chemicals, textiles, fuels, and mineral products. The GDP per capita is $2,229.62 U.S. dollars ($41,118.68 Moldovan Leu) I would not consider Moldova a wealthy country compared to the United States because it is the poorest European country, they have very little to live upon, and they are very small country.

Sources:

http://www.everyculture.com/Ma-Ni/Moldova.html

http://www.msn.com/en-us/money/currencyconverter/fi-MDL-USD?ocid=INSFICU10

http://www.economywatch.com/world_economy/moldova/export-import.html

Social and Ethnic Groups

The official Ethnic Groups of Moldova are: 75.8%-Moldovan, 8.4%-Ukrainian, 5.9%-Russian, 4.4%-Gagauz, 5.5%-other. There have not been any conflicts between the groups. All children have to go to school until they are 18, just like the U.S. Though all children have to go to school, the parents have to pay for them. Men and women have equal rights in Moldova. The literacy rate in Moldova is 99.1%, with males as 99.7% and women as 98.6%.

Sources:

http://genderindex.org/country/moldova

http://www.findmoldova.com/moldova-literacy-rate/

Religion, Language, and Country Flag

The official language of Moldova is Romanian, and 98.5 percent of all people in Moldova are Orthodox Christians, even though the government limits the activities of the church. The Moldovan flag became its own on May 12, 1990 and it remained official after Moldova's independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. The flag was based off the Romanian flag, so that it can represent Moldova's heritage with Romania. In flags, every color has a meaning. Therefore, the blue stripe represents determination, liberation, alertness and good fortune. The yellow signifies wealth and energy, as in the sun. Some people also use yellow to signify happiness. The red stands for power, revolution, vibrancy and war (symbolic of bloodshed). Other meanings include courage and domination, while it can also be viewed as an alert of danger. The symbol in the middle is the coat of arms and it consists of the eagle of Walachia, it was holding an Orthodox Christian cross in its beak and an olive branch in one talon, with the scepter of Michael the Brave of Walachia in the other.

Sources:

http://countrystudies.us/moldova/17.htm

http://www.allstarflags.com/facts/color-meanings-in-flags/

http://www.worldflags101.com/m/moldova-flag.aspx

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Traditional Holidays/Festivals and Traditional Clothing

January 1 is New Year's Day, and January 7 is Orthodox Christmas Day. March 8 is International Women's Day, April 13 is Orthodox Easter Monday, May 1 is Labor Day and May 9 is Victory and Commemoration Day. Finally, August 27 is Independence Day and August 31 is Limba Noastra (National Language Day).

Sources:

http://www.festivalsfun.com/public-holidays/moldova-holiday-calender.html

Food

Traditional Moldovan food is mostly based on meat, fish, vegetables, cereals, and cheese. The food incorporates elements from Russian, Ukrainian, Gagauzian, and Bulgarian dishes, but it used to incorporate food by the Greeks. Moldovans love the maize served with fried meat, sour cream, and a type of Moldovan cheese called brinza. There is also a dish called sarmale, which is made of rice, meat, and vegetables rolled in cabbage leaves. Another popular dish is Placinte, which are pies stuffed with brinza, potatoes, cabbage or apples. Moldovans also have a special taste for wine.

Recipe (more national-but Moldovans love it):

Banana Cream Cheesecake

Ingredients

  • 1 Yellow cake mix, prepared in 13x9 pan.
  • 8 oz cream cheese, room temperature
  • 1 pk (3-oz) instant vanilla pudding
  • 2 c milk
  • 3 Or 4 bananas
  • 1 lg Container Cool Whip
  • 1 c Chopped nuts

Directions

  1. Beat cream cheese until creamy.
  2. Add milk, gradually; add pudding, beating until well mixed.
  3. Pour over cooled cake. Slice the bananas over cake.
  4. Cover with Cool Whip and top with nuts.

Recipe (More Traditional and Unique):

Sarmale

  • 3/4 Cups Long Grain Rice, rinsed
  • 2 Pounds Pork Loin Roast, finely diced

  • 1 pound carrots, chopped

  • 1 pound onions, chopped

  • 1 pinch salt to taste

  • 3 tablespoons tomato paste

  • 1/2 teaspoon dried dill weed

  • 1/4 cup sunflower seed oil

  • 6 ounces parsley roots, chopped

  • 1 medium head cabbage

Directions:

  1. Place rice in a medium bowl, and pour boiling water over it. Let soak for 15 minutes, then drain.

  2. Heat 2 tablespoons of oil in a large skillet over medium-high heat. Add the carrots, parsley roots, onions and tomato paste. Cook and stir until the vegetables are tender. Transfer the vegetables to the bowl with the rice.
  3. Heat 2 more tablespoons of oil in the same skillet over medium-high heat. Add the pork, and cook for about 2 minutes, just until browned on the outside. Transfer to the bowl with the rice and vegetables; season with dill and black pepper. Stir until everything is well blended. Set the mixture aside to cool.
  4. Carefully remove the leaves from the head of cabbage, and place them in a large pot with about 2 inches of water. Bring to a boil, and cook for 5 to 10 minutes, until tender and flexible.
  5. Remove the cabbage leaves from the pot, but leave enough in the bottom to cover. On each of the remaining leaves, place about 2 tablespoons of the pork and rice mixture in the center, and wrap the leaf around to cover. Place the stuffed cabbage leaves into the pot.
  6. When the pot is full, place a few boiled cabbage leaves over the top. Pour boiling water into the pot to cover the cabbage rolls, and place over medium-low heat. Cover, and simmer for about 30 minutes, until the rice is tender

Sources:

http://www.md4ever.com/about/aboutmoldova/food.html

http://recipes.wikia.com/wiki/Banana_Cream_Cheesecake

http://allrecipes.com/Recipe/Sarmale-Stuffed-Cabbage-or-Vine-Leaves/#zoneIngredients

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Choropleth Maps and Data Graphs

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CER

Based on these data sets, I conclude that most people are Moldovan and they have the most GDP Per Capita in January 2014. In the second graph, it shows that in January of 2014, Moldova had 1,136.23 GDP per capita, and it is good to have a high GDP. In the first graph, it shows that just about 3/4 of Moldova's population is Moldovan. Moldova is a very poor country, so it makes sense that most people are Moldovan, as not many outsiders desire to live there. Currently the Moldovan government are working on a better system to work towards more wealth than they currently have, so maybe in a few years the graphs' numbers will change.