Battle of Fredricksberg
The Civil War
Why was it fought?
What was the significance of this battle ? Effects of both sides
major setback for Union troops, gave new hope to confederate states, ended the campaign against Richmond, Virginia, major Confederate victoryIt was a turning point for General Lee and his army,lost a Burnside though that his union army could easily beat confederate army because the confederate army was much smaller than union army but he was wrong. Union lot of soldiers in the battle, victory gave confederate troops momentum in war. The most one-sided battle of the war.
Major events in order...
December 11th, 1862 am - Union engineers put pontoon bridges across the Rappahannock River under fire.
December 12th, 1862 pm - Union army crossed river and took over the town of Fredericksburg.
December 13th, 1862 - Burnside launched a series of attacks on Prospect Hill and Marye’s Heights.
December 13, 1862 noon-2:30 - George Meade’s division, Union left flank, attacked Stonewall Jackson’s line but was moved back by a counterattack.
December 15th, 1862 pm - Burnside retreated and recrossed the river, ending the campaign.
Generals of both sides.
Army of the Potomac: Ambrose E. Burnside
Right Grand Division: Maj. Gen. Edwin V. “Bull” Sumner
Center Grand Division: Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker
Left Grand Division: Maj. Gen. William B. Franklin
Reserve: Maj. Gen. Franz Sigel
Army of Northern Virginia: Robert E. Lee
First Corps: Lt. Gen. James Longstreet
Second Corps: Lt. Gen. Stonewall Jackson
Reserve Artillery: Brig. Gen. William N. Pendleton
Cavalry Division: Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart
Union: 13,353Confederate: 4,576