CELL ORGANELLES

TAYLOR TOWNSEND

PLASMA(CELL MEMBRANE)

Cell membrane is not a solid structure. It is made of millons of smaller molecules that create a flexible pourous container.

All cells are contained by cell membrane that keeps peices inside.

CELL WALL

Cell wall is made of cellulose and provides protective framework for a plant to survive

NUCLEUS

DNA is inside, and it helps control eating movement and reproduction

CENTRIOLES

Small set of microtubles arranged in a specific way. There to help the cell when it comes time to divide.

CYTOPLASM

Present within the cell membrane of all cell types and contains all organelles and cell plants. Cytoplasm is a jelly like fluid that fills a cell.

NUCLEAR MEMBRANE

Nuclear membrane acts as a barrier that separates the contents of nucleus from the cytoplasm and surrounds the genetic material and nucleolus in eukaryotic cells.

NUCLEOLUS

Its main function is to rewrite ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and combine it with proteins, and The nucleolus is a round body located inside the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell

CHROMATIN

The functions of chromatin are to package DNA into a smaller volume to fit in the cell, to strengthen the DNA to allow mitosis and meiosis, and to control gene expression and DNA replication.

RIBOSOMES

Ribosomes are found 'free' in the cytoplasm or bound to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to form rough ER and they are a cell structure that makes protein

GOLGI APPARATUS

A major function is the modifying, sorting and packaging of proteins for secretion

ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM

The endoplasmic reticulum serves many general functions, including the folding of protein molecules in sacs called cisternae and the transport of synthesized proteins in vesicles to the Golgi apparatus,The general structure of the endoplasmic reticulum is an extensive membrane network of cisternae (sac-like structures) held together by the cytoskeleton

MITOCHONDRIA

The energy made by the mitochondria is in the form of a chemical called adenosine triphosphate or ATP for short, it is a membrane bound cellular structure and found in most eukaryotic cells

CHLOROPLAST

Chloroplasts absorb sunlight and use it in conjunction with water and carbon dioxide gas to produce food for the plant, chloroplast are organelles present in plant cells and some eukaryotic organisms

LYSOSOMES

Lysosomes are cellular organelles that contain acid hydrolase enzymes that break down waste materials and cellular debris.Lysosomes digest excess or worn-out organelles, food particles, and engulfed viruses or bacteria and can be described as the stomach of the cell.

PEROXISOMES

Peroxisomes are membrane-bound organelles that contain an abundance of enzymes for detoxifying harmful substances and lipid metabolism. Function of the peroxisome is the breakdown of very long chain fatty acids through beta-oxidation.

VACUOLE

Vacuoles are formed by the fusion of multiple membrane vesicles and are effectively just larger forms of these. Three main functions contribute to the rigidity of the plant using water to develop hydrostatic pressure, store nutrient and non-nutrient chemicals, break down complex molecules

CYTOSKELETON


  1. The cytoskeleton provides an important structural framework for: Cell shape. For cells without cell walls, the cytoskeleton determines the shape of the cell. This is one of the functions of the intermediate filaments.