Cholera and Malaria

Created By: Logan Sparks / Class: Pre-Ap World Geography

Cholera

Definition:

Cholera is an infection of the small intestine that causes a large amount of watery diarrhea.

Found:

The cholera bacterium is usually found in water or food sources that have been contaminated by feces (poop) from a person infected with cholera. Cholera is most likely to be found and spread in places with inadequate water treatment, poor sanitation, and inadequate hygiene.

The disease is found in Africa and other places that have un-clean water..


Symptoms:

Some symptoms are: abdominal cramps, dry mucus membranes or mouth, dry skin, excessive thirst, glassy or sunken eyes, and lack of tears.

Treated:

Cholera is treated by rehydration, Intravenous fluids, antibiotics, and Zinc supplements.

Malaria

Definition:

Malaria is an unsteady and fluctuating fever caused by a protozoan parasite that invades the red blood cells. The parasite belongs to the genus...

Found:

Malaria is found throughout the world’s tropical and sub-tropical areas, and mainly in Central and South America, Africa, Asia and the Indo-Pacific region. It is most common in tropical regions, where transmission occurs year-round; in sub-tropical and temperate areas, transmission may only occur during seasons that have appropriate climatic conditions. This includes sufficiently high temperature and water availability for the growth and development of the mosquito, which transmits the disease.

Symptoms:

Some symptoms are: fever, chills, headache, sweats, fatigue, nausea and vomiting.

Treated:

Malaria is treated with a class of drugs, which are known, unsurprisingly, as antimalarial. Antimalarial drugs are designed to attack the parasites which cause the disease, preventing them from spreading while also killing them off so that they cannot continue causing infection. The success of treatment varies, depending on what strain of malaria the patient has, whether or not the parasites are drug resistant, and whether or not the patient is able to complete the course of drugs needed.

Deathrate:

This is the deathrate of Cholera and Malaria...