Tuberculosis

By: Tryton Tran

Definition

Tuberculosis is a fatal disease if not treated. It mainly affects the respiratory system but can affect other parts of the body (explained later). It is a bacterial infection.

Causes and transmission

Most of the causes are with infected cells. Can be transmitted from infected cells, not contact with a person with TB. You are most likely to get it from a person in your home than with a stranger.

Symptoms

1. Coughing that lasts three or more weeks
2. Coughing up blood
3. Chest pain, or pain with breathing or coughing
4. Unintentional weight loss
5. Fatigue/ weakness
6. Fever
7. Night sweats
8. Chills
9. Loss of appetite/ no appetite

Risk Factors

  1. Weak Immune System/ HIV, end stage kidney disease, diabetes, certain cancers (i don't know what cancers), cancer treatment, drugs to prevent rejection of implanted organs, malnutrition, etc.
  2. Traveling to foreign countries like Sub-Saharan Africa, India, China, Russia, etc.
  3. The place you work, like maybe heath care units, bacteria and virus studying...

Treatment

  1. Isoniazid
  2. Rifampin (Rifadin, Rimactane)
  3. Ethambutol (Myambutol)
  4. Pyrazinamide
For drug resistant TB:

  1. Bedaquiline
  2. Delamanid
  3. PA-824
  4. Linezolid
  5. Sutezolid

Prevention

If you ever catch TB, here is what you can do to keep yourself and others safe.

  1. If you have Latent TB, take medication to reduce the risk of it becoming active.
  2. If you have Active TB, keep away from others if possible. Take medication to get better, wear surgical masks, go to the doctor.


Organs Affected

The main organs affected are the lungs, but it sucks that it can spread to other parts of your body, well every organ. It can even cause meningitis and heart failure.

Similar to TB

Mycobacterial infections are very similar to TB. It can cause symptoms like TB, too.

But they could infect different parts - doesn't need to be lungs...

We are done...?

Thanks for reading my poster thing.