Airplanes

By: Ashlyn Beech

Purpose of Airplanes

Airplanes are a fast, easy, and fairly safe form of transportation. An airplane is a aircraft driven by propellers or jet engines.

Inventors

The original airplane was invented and flown by the Wright brothers in 1903. It was the first successful heavier-than-air aircraft. They flew the plane four times and its now located in the National Air and Space Museum in Washington, D.C

Differences Between the First Airplane and Modern Day Planes

The Wright Flyer, the first successful heavier-than-air aircraft, was barley controllable and very unstable. It was flown only a couple times before breaking beyond repair. It wasn't able to turn, had to start from certain grounds, and only flew for a few seconds (first trial lasted 3 seconds before crashing and the last trial lasted 59 seconds).

Modern day planes are flown around the world daily. People use airplanes all the time now for transportation of people and air cargo.

Innovations

Airplanes now can hold hundreds of people. We can now easily transport goods faster. The original airplane could only fly for a few seconds, but now we can fly for several hours.

1903- the first aircraft was made and tested... it crashed

1905- the aircraft was remodeled and was successfully flown in substancial periods

1906- an aircraft was the first launched without a catapult

1908/1909- a new, better aircraft was made

Positive/Negative Impact

Positive:

  • Made transportation easier
  • Made transportation faster
  • Made transportation safer
  • Creates job opertunities
Negative:

  • They crash sometimes
  • People have hijacked them before
  • They have been a weapon of terrorism

STEM

Science: Discovery of propellers and how they can be used to power a machine.

Technology: Creating a machine to make a person fly.

Engineering: Designing a machine with propellers for power, wings for balance and for flight, and wheels for a safe take off/landing.

Math: What is the perfect size, shape, and materials for a successful flight?

Changing the Product

If I were to change anything about airplanes, I would change the structure for safety reasons. Many people have died in plane crashes and I would remodel them to decrease the probability. I would create a type of technology to reduce the chances of hijacking. Also I would recreate the structure so that if it were to crash, people have a better chance of surviving. I would make it floatable and I would create something to soften the blow if it were to crash on a solid surface.