By Adam Harrod

Distillation

introduction to the mighty world of distillation

Simple distillation is used to separate water from a dissolved salt


Fractional distillation is used to separate more volatile liquids from less volatile liquids

purification of a mixture often involves a combination of methods

fuels

a good fuel release a lot of heat energy per gram, is non polluting and is easy to transport



the fractional distillation of petroleum provides us with a variety of liquids and gaseous fuels


the products of the complete combustion of a hydrocarbon fuel are carbon dioxide and water


petroleum

petroleum is separated into different fraction by fractional distillation

each fraction has hydrocarbons with similar boiling points

the hydrocarbon in petroleum are separated by fractional distillation because of the difference in their boiling points

each fraction obtained from petroleum has a particular use