Factors Affecting Participation

By Matthew jackson


One of the mains things that affects participation for the disabled is that some facilities might not have ramps or big enough corridors for wheelchair access, they need toilets and changing facilities and to make adaptations to the equipment.

The sports will have to be modify the rules for the disabled which will make it less difficult for them and more fun. :)


Males are traditionally known for taking part in sports however females are proven to be as better at other sports then male.

Examples: Females are more flexible then males so they are a lot better a gymnastics,trampoline and more...

Males are known to more stronger and faster than females(no offense) as shown by world records for males in the 100m is 9.58 and the womans is 10.49


  • When you get older your fitness levels are more likely to go down and it gets more difficult for them to participate in sports which you need a lots of energy
  • As well as your fitness levels decreasing your flexibility goes down as well
  • Also when you get older you will get slower and weaker
  • But being to young can affect to as you may not be experienced enough or that your bones aren't as strong for instance rugby you could easily break a bone if they are weak or in football its good to be experienced in the game


There are three different types of bodies which we class are self in sport:

Mesomorph - These people have a generally wedge-shaped body with broad wide shoulders and muscular arms and legs and a sporting example for this type of body is:

  • 100m
  • swimming

Endomorph - these people tend to be pear-shaped with wide hips,shoulders and gain fat easily. A sporting example of this type of body is:

  • rugby
  • sumo wrestling

Ectomorph - These people are usually tall and thin with thin arms and leg with very little muscle or fat . A good sporting example of this body type is:

  • marathon
  • high jump
  • horse racing

Risk + Challenge

Some people only do certain sports as it is more challenging (testing what you can do) then other and has its risk (possible dangers) sports which show this are:

  • Rock Climbing
  • Ice climbing
  • Sky diving

Extreme Skydiving


There are 5 factors of the environment which are:

Weather: This factor is what you cant control but someone who is rich can by moving somewhere where it suits there sport for example - cold snowy for skiers and warm and dry for tennis players.

Pollution: Air pollution can affect both training and competing because it is a serious health condition for anyone who takes part.This can restrict performers to working indoors.

Altitude: Training and performing at high altitude can be a real benefit as it can be a real advantage for someone taking part in endurance events.

Humidity: Humidity combined with heat makes condition very difficult for performers to keep their body cool and to prevent dehydration.

Terrain: The landscape you need for sport might be crucial to the type of sport because you would need slopes and snow to be a skier and sea waves to be a surfer.

Activity levels and needs

Activity needs will vary between different activities because they will all place varying demands on the performer. Here are some examples:

  • Competitive: activities require performers to be highly committed as they need to train to compete. This might well mean two training sessions in a week which are broken down into fitness and skill training.
  • Recreational: activities are not as demanding as these types of activity do not require any periods of special training or preparation.