Oil sands

About Oil sands

Canada is ranked third for the worlds most oil sands reserves. The location of the extraction is located in eastern Alberta. Oil sands is a mixture of clay, sand and water and is technically referred to as bitumen. Canada has so much oil sand that its so eager to turn 2 billions barrel of oil into 4 billions. We share 99% of oil with USA and barely have enough saved for itself. Other countries like China and India demands for an increase of oil imports from both, making it now increased by four times the amount it did 20 years ago.
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Environmental Damage

As the industry continues to increase development on the oil sands, it has given a negative impact on the environment which have disturbed many ecosystem. They have harmed the wildlife in many different ways. An example of one is that when the operation for oil sand extraction has cleared out land for well sites or mining, it destroys all the trees and wild plants as they clear it. Another example of an environment impact is that the tailing pond contains bitumen which concerns us that when all different types of birds like ducks reaches the tailing pond, it will get contaminated with the toxic chemical in its body when it soon drinks the dirty water from it. There has been a decline in the fishing industry because no one dares to fish in the water that have been contaminated by the leaks of the tailing pond. If this continues, fish will die off and future generations won't be able to eat fish. The development have also cause pollutes that has been way worst than tradition oil production. If it continues to increase, the oil sand will produce more gases and emission the greenhouse effect, causing heat waves and floods.
Alberta Canada's Oil Sands: Pollution and Cancer Rates

Health Concerns

There are also a lot of concerns involving health for food and water. Studies has shown that there are traces of rare forms of cancers discovered when consuming the water or eating animals that have high mercury levels in them from the Athabasca river. The cause for it is most likely the tailing pond. As it leaks into the air and water, the toxic chemical goes through the soil than to their farmland, spreading the toxic chemical and contaminating the crops. Its even possible for the dirty water to leak out to the Arctic Ocean.

Should Canada continue to increase development of the oil sands?

I think that Canada should stop increase its development of oil sand. There has been many negative reports on the oil sand extraction that has been causing lots of problem in Alberta. Since the tailing pond is a large pit that is fill with oil water that has been contaminated from the oil sand, Researchers has found that, the tailing pond has too much chemicals and can leak highly toxic chemical into the air, and Athabasca river everyday. It can also leak into farms land causing their food to be contaminated. Every since the oil extraction has increase, researchers has also found that their were high level of mercury, cadmium and arsenic in the Athabasca river which can make fish and other wildlife danger for consumption for drinking water as well. It concerns Font Chipewyan that there is an increase of rare cancers taking place in the area as people are also dying from the rare cancers. 17-33 additional cases of cancer per 100 000 people is the estimate that the ecologists has estimated if the everyone eats on avenges of fish, moose and so on. As Canada continues to increase the development of oil sand, it will produces more greenhouse gas than traditional oil production, causing the oil sand to contribute to the greenhouse emissions. The greenhouse effect will affect the weather, making the climate hotter causing heatwaves. In conclusion, I believe that Canada should decrease the amount of development in oil sand because its will pollute Canada’s environment before we will ever find a solution to solve this case in future generation.