Andrew Johnson

17th President of the United States

Johnson's Plan

Johnson's reconstruction plan called for pardons to all states that would take an oath of loyalty. But no pardons would be granted to high ranking confederate officials and persons that owned land with the property value of $20,000 or more. The plan also stated that a state would need to abolish slavery before being readmitted into the union. Lastly the states in the confederate would have to repeal its secession ordinances before being readmitted.

Freedmen's Bureau

The Freedmen's Bureau was established in 1865 by congress to help former black slaves and poor white whites in the south after the Civil War. The Bureau provided lots of resources like food and housing. It also provided medical aid and established schools and gave legal assistance. Johnson unfortunately vetoed the bill because he though it was not necessary and something that needed to happen immediately.

Civil Rights Act 1866

The Civil Rights Act granted citizenship and the same rights that are given to white citizens to all males in the United States. The Act did not distinguish between race and color or if a person was a previous slave or not. Unfortunately Johnson vetoed the Civil Rights Act because it contained provisions that he could not approve. He also said that it would encourage a life of wasteful and lazy southern blacks.

Was life truly better for the freed slaves after the Civil War?

In my opinion I think life was better for freed slaves after the Civil War but it wasn't a huge difference. After slaves were freed they were homeless and out on the street without food or shelter, but they were finally free. Though they were free they still didn't have much rights and opportunities that white males had or even rights that white females had. The time right after the Civil war there wasn't much of a difference. Change happened slowly and gradually.

Black Codes

Black Codes were laws passed by southern states in 1865 and 1866 after the civil war. The laws had the intent of restricting the freedoms of African Americans and making them work in a labor economy based on low wages or debts. Some examples were public facilities being segregated, blacks in the military not being allowed to carry firearms, and whites and blacks not being allowed to consume alcohol on the same premises.