Edgar Allan Poe

By: John Dobson

Biography

Born on January 19th, 1809 and dies October 7th, 1949. He was an American author, poet, and editor from Boston, Massachusetts. Considered by many as a part of the American Romantic Movement. Poe was one of the earliest American practitioners of the short story. One of the first American writers to earn a living off writing alone. Son to actor David Poe, Jr and actress Elizabeth Arnold Hopkins Poe and brother to William Leonard Henry Poe and Rosalie Poe. Enlisted in the United States Army in 1827. At the age of 26 he married his 13 year old cousin Virginia Clemm. They were married for thirteen years until she died of tuberculosis.
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Major Works

Poetry Collections

Tamerlane and Other Poems (1827)

Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor Poems (1829)

Lenore (1843)

The Raven and Other Poems (1845)

Ulalume (1847)

Eureka: A Prose Poem (1848)

Annabel Lee (1849)


Fiction

Berenice (1835)

The Fall of the House of Usher (1839)

Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque (1939)

Murders in the Rue Morgue (1841)

The Masque of the Red Death (1842)

The Pit and the Pendulum (1842)

The Black Cat (1843)

The Tell-Tale Heart (1843)

The Purloined Letter (1845)

The Cask of Amontillado (1846)

The Oval Portrait (1850)

The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket (1850)

Common Themes

Edgar Allan Poe strongly used escapism in his writings mainly because the effect of his past. He was most known for this and many authors following his writing style. Considered the father of horror and short stories. Very important to this time period.