Freshwater Biome

Nile River

Nile River Facts

The Nile River is the longest river in the world at 4184 miles long. It is also one of the only rivers in the world that flows backward (South to North) as opposed to most rivers with flow North to South. This is because the river runs down hill from mountains in the middle of Africa

Average Weather

Average temperature - 105 degrees fahrenheit

Low 60 degrees/ High 117 degrees

Average rainfall along entire Nile River - 2060 mm a year


Dromedary Camel

The second largest species of camel. Commonly associated with Egypt. Camels were often used as beasts of burden for Arabic Traders. They were ideal for the job as they could store water for long trips in their humps. Armies actually used to ride camels into battle as well. They adapted to their envoirnment by being useful to humans for more than a few purposes.

Red Spitting Cobra

A venomous snake that is a native of Souther Egypt. It's prey include frogs, and sometimes, humans. This cobra adapted to it's enviornment by evolving to spit it's venom at far away prey. It will often aim for the eyes and mouth to cause the most damage.


Found along the entire length of the Nile. This species is semi-aquatic and is one of the most aggressive animals in Africa. They adapted to their enviornment by becoming agrressive, hulking beasts that kill on sight. Humans are often targeted as well. How's that for Hungry Hungry Hippos?

Nile Crocodile

A dark bronze behemoth of a reptile. They are found all along the Nile at the dread of other, less dangerous species. They are the largest found in the continent. The Nile Crocodile adapted to it's enviornment by being one of the deadliest giants around. They will often take their prey underwater and spin them around until they drown. Then, they will eat them.

Grey Heron

A large bird that inhabits large portions of Africa. A common sight along the Nile. It preys upon anything it can get its beak on. This bird adapted to it's enviornment by living along the fringes of the Nile and preying upon smaller, less dangerous foes.



This species of aquatic florwing plant was used to produce papyrus paper. One of the earliest instances of paper being used to write information down.

Plume Thistle

Found frequently along the nile, the Plume Thistle is a biennial plant that ancient Egyptians used for comsumption. They would boil the stems and eat them.


This plant resembles a Daisy in appearance and is commonly used in teas and other herbal remedies.

Blue Egyptian water lily

This flower, often nicknamed the "Blue Lotus" is an iconic part of the nile river. It's beauty stands out among the sandy wastes of the rest of Egypt and the Nile. This flower has spritual ties with ancient Egyptian Gods.

Opium Poppy

This plant was often used to extract opium, a highly addictive drug. The plant has purple or white flowers.

A Fantastic Trip to Ancient Egypt. And the Nile.