Intelligent Animals

Adam Coberly

Chimpanzees

When thinking about intelligent animals, Chimpanzees are often one of the first that come to mind. Their DNA is extraordinarily similar to that of humans. They share about 99% of the same DNA that we do, and can perform unique tasks such as sign language and creating tools to make their lives easier.


Chimps are able to walk on just two feet like humans can, and they have had very good special awareness and intelligence. One of our unique features as humans in our ability to recognize ourselves. This also happens with chimps, one was watching himself on a live video and starting opening his mouth and doing unusual things, to help him distinguish that he was looking at himself. When faced with most situations, they wait to observe what is happening and that act accordingly based on pros and cons.


One study with chimps included putting a banana out of reach of the chimp, but giving him to sticks to try and get it. While each one individually was too short, together they were long enough. The chimpanzee was able to use his spatial intelligence to put them together and retrieve the banana.

Dolphins

Dolphins are also very sophisticated. Their brains are wired for them to be aware, like many animals are. However, they are also wired for emotions, something few animals have. Lori Marino from Emory university said that dolphins intelligence comes very close to ours.


Dolphins also may be able to communicate better than humans, because their main sense and their form of communication or both with noises. They use their clicks and noises to make a language of their own. Like chimpanzees, dolphins are able to recognize themselves when presented the opportunity. This shows a lot of their intelligence, reinforcing the fact that they have one of the largest brains out of all animals.


One experiment resulted in dolphins figuring out that they would get fish if they did specific or creative tasks. They then proceeded to do as much as they could to get the fish once they figured this out.

Elephants

While they may look sluggish and unaware, they are actually quite intelligent. Even though they're huge, their brain to body ratio is extremely large. They are able to interact in difficult social situations and show emotions as well. They have been observed mourning family members deaths, and helping out other animals when they are hurting or trapped.


One common thread with intelligent animals is their ability to recognize themselves, something that one elephant named Happy was able to do. According to NBC, the only animals to do this are elephants, dolphins, and types of monkeys. Being one of three types of animals to do this puts them in the upper levels of intelligence.


They can communicate with one another through the vibrations they can create with their trunks. Elephants are the only non-water animals that communicate through these seismic signals. Like the chimpanzees, elephants often use tools to aid them in surviving.