Also known as: HPV
Identification and Definition
HPV, a brief history
Signs & Symptoms of HPV
Genital warts usually appear as a small bump or groups of bumps in the genital area. They can be small or large, raised or flat, or shaped like a cauliflower.
Cervical cancer usually does not have symptoms until it is quite advanced, very serious and hard to treat. For this reason, it is important for women to get regular screening for cervical cancer. Screening tests can find early signs of disease so that problems can be treated early, before they ever turn into cancer.
Other HPV-related cancers might not have signs or symptoms until they are advanced and hard to treat. These include cancers of the vulva, vagina, penis, anus, and oropharynx (cancers of the back of the throat, including the base of the tongue and tonsils).
Transmission of HPV
Complications of HPV
HPV can affect sexually active individuals of any age, new infections are generally in individuals from 15-24 years of age. It can cause
Common HPV complications include genital warts and cervical cancer.
-Cervical Cancer generally does not show any symptoms until it is very advanced in an individual's body.
-Genital Warts often show up quickly on individuals, causing extreme amounts of pain and discomfort.
HPV can cause complications with pregnancy if an individual has contracted cervical, or another form of genital cancer.
Recommended control measures for HPV
-Individuals should receive the vaccine series before turning 26 years of age.
-The vaccine series is proven to be 93% effective in preventing genital warts and cervical cancer in women.
-The vaccine series is 88% effective in men for preventing genital warts and other cancers in men that have sex with women, and 75% effective for men that have sex with men.
-Unfortunately, there is not enough current data to show how effective the vaccine is overall in the United States, or globally.
-Worldwide an estimated 79 million individuals with HPV, and 14 million new cases annually, with half of all new cases being in individuals from 15-24 years of age.