Western Lowland Gorilla

gorilla gorilla

Classification

  • Domain Eukarya: Four kingdoms fit into this group, kingdom protista, anamalia, fungi, and plantae. All cells in domain eukarya have a nucleus. All cells are multicellular or single celled.
  • Kingdom Anamalia: Kingdom anamalia cells are heterotrophs which means they rely on each other for their food. Animal cells lack cell walls. Most animals reproduce sexually.
  • Phylum Chordata: Phylum chordata animals have bilateral symmetry. They have a complete digestive system. They have a segmented body, including segmented arms.
  • Sub-phylum Vertebrata: All of them share a vertebra column. All of them have a simple body plain consisting of a head, trunk, 2 pairs of appendages, and a postanal tail( means of, pertaining to, involving, or near the anus). Vertebrates include fish, reptiles, amphibians, birds, and mammals.
  • Class Mammalia: All mammals share at least 3 characteristics, 3 middle ear bones, hair, and the production of milk. Mammalian hair is present in all mammals in some point of their lives. Their hair has many functions, including insulation, color pattering, and aiding in the sense of touch.
  • Order Primates: Most order primates live in tropical forests. Living primates are divided into two groups, the Strepsirrhini, and the Haplorrhini. They have an extra characteristic which is a first toe with a nail
  • Family Hominidae: Hominids have strong, powerful bodies. Hominids are the largest primates. Hominids have a large braincase.
  • Genus Gorilla: This genus only includes the gorilla.
  • Species: Gorilla gorilla

General Description

  • Height- Male gorilla's are usually 1.75 meters tall with bent knees. Females are usually 1.25 meters tall.Overall on average gorilla's are 5 to 6 feet tall.
  • Weight- Males usually weigh larger than females. Male gorilla's on average weigh about 180 kg. Females are usually weigh half the size of male gorilla's.
  • Color- Gorilla's on average have a jet-black hair that covers there body, except for their face, ears, hands, and feet. When gorilla's get older there jet-black hair is lost with age and grows to be more grayish.
  • Natural Range- Gorilla's are mostly found in central africa.
  • Diet- Gorilla's are herbivores so they don't eat any meat. They usually eat leaves, berries, ferns, and fibrous bark. Gorilla's usually eat their food in the morning and the afternoon. They get their food form climbing trees, or searching for it on the ground.
  • Habitat Description- Gorilla's live in Africa's tropical secondary forests, where much light reaches the forest floor.
  • Predators- Gorilla's only have one predator, humans.

Physical Adaptations

The gorilla has broad, wide nostrils. This gives gorillas a really clear, good sense of smell. Gorilla's have a broad chest, heavy neck, and strong hands and feet. This helps gorillas win fights against other male gorillas to become the silverback. They walk with their arms and legs, with there knuckles to the ground. This helps their backs because their arms are longer than there legs so they need to balance of there weight. Gorillas have exceptionally large hands with nails on all digits and very large thumbs. This helps them walk with their knuckles to the ground, and it helps them eat easier and faster. Gorillas have long black silky hair. This helps them adapt to their cool, moist, high-altitude environment. They have thumbs and toes that allow them to grab objects such as tree branches and food. They have arms longer than their legs which helps them walk comfortably on all fours.

Behavioral Adaptations

Gorillas stay in groups of 5 to 15. This way they can keep safe around their predators. Gorillas stand and beat their chests with their fists to scare predators or show off their strength. This helps them scare there predators so they can prevent getting captured or eaten. Gorillas growl loudly to intimidate their predators. This gives the predators a warning they they are angry and about to attack. Gorillas show aggression by charging toward their predators. This warns their predators not to come back or mess with them again. Gorillas don't usually hit their intruders because they are very calm, peaceful animals. Usually gorillas run past there intruder and may charge again. Gorillas make a hooting sound to warn all the members of their groups that danger is coming. This helps all the other gorillas prepare for danger and usually plan ahead and start running away from the danger. When looking for food gorillas sometimes climb 15 meters high up in trees in search of food. This means they don't give up in search of food because they know that in order to stay alive they must eat. A newly dominant male in a group is likely to kill all the infants in the group. They do this so they can mate with the female gorillas and not have to worry about them caring for their current young. Gorillas build day and night nests on the ground to make a cushion for themselves while sleeping. This helps them stay warm at night and fall asleep easily. Gorillas have their own way of communicating with each other. They use facial expressions, odors, and sounds. This helps them stay on the same track with each other to know what each person is feeling.

References

References

Burton, M., & Burton, R. (2002). GORILLA. In International wildlife encyclopedia v.1 (AAR-BAR) (3rd ed., Vol. 8, pp. 1023-1026). New York, NY: Marshall Cavendish.

Csomos, R. 2008. "Gorilla gorilla" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed March 11, 2015 at http://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Gorilla_gorilla/

Gorilla. (n.d.). Retrieved from Animal Planet website: http://www.animalplanet.com/wild-animals/gorilla/

Gorilla gorilla. (n.d.). Retrieved from Encyclopedia of Life website: http://eol.org/pages/326447/overview

Wesern lowland gorilla. (n.d.). Retrieved from San diego zoo website: http://kids.sandiegozoo.org/animals/mammals/western-lowland-gorilla

Western lowland gorilla. (n.d.). Retrieved from National Geographic website: http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/lowland-gorilla/

Western lowland gorilla. (n.d.). Retrieved from Cincinnati Zoo website: http://cincinnatizoo.org/blog/animals/western-lowland-gorilla/

Western lowland gorilla. (n.d.). Retrieved from Brook field Zoo website: http://www.czs.org/Brookfield-ZOO/Zoo-Animals/Tropic-World/Western-Lowland-Gorilla