Heart Attacks

By Sam Schwarz

What is a Heart Attack

A heart attack is when your heart muscle starts to die, and thats why people will chest pain. It starts when the heart muscle doesn't get enough blood. This is from a clot or blockage of the coronary artery. The coronary artery is the artery that brings blood to the heart muscle. This can cause heart failure and can be deadly or can cause severe damage.

Signs and Symptoms

If you are having a heart attack you can have many different signs your having one.


  • Chest discomfort
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nausea
  • Light headed
  • breaking out in a sweat
  • Pain in one or both arms
  • Pain in your back
  • Pain in Jaw or Stomach
  • Vomiting
  • Dizziness

How The Body is Affected

This affects the body from damaging the heart muscle. When the heart does not have oxygen the heart muscles begin to die and scar tissue begins to form there instead. This damage can have long term affects.

  • Irregular Heartbeat
  • Heart Failure
  • Heart Rupture
  • Heart Valves Leaking
  • Low Blood Pressure
  • Swelling of the heart Sac

How it works Normal vs While having Heart Attack

Normally the body is fine, and with no blockage in the coronary artery. When you have a heart attack a part of the heart muscle dies. This is normally caused by blood lost because the coronary artery has a clot or blockage. This is the artery that brings the blood to the heart muscle. If part of the heart muscle dies the person starts having what it feels as chest pain.
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How does this condition arise?

This condition happens when a part of the heart muscle dies. This is normally caused by blood lost because a coronary artery has a clot or blockage. This is normally the artery that brings blood to heart muscle. If part of the heart muscle dies the person having the heart attack starts to feel chest pain.


  • This can be caused by age usually when the male is 45 and women is 55
  • Angina is a illness when not enough of oxygen is reached to the heart. This raises a chance of having a heart attack.
  • High Blood cholesterol can cause blood clots creating a heart attack.
  • When someone survives a heart attack and lives near a highway they have a 27% of having a second heart attack.
  • Diabetes, and also a bad diet is when someone eats large amount of fats have higher chance of getting a blood clot.
  • Genes- you can inherit a higher chance of having heart problems by parents, or other family members.
  • Heart surgery
  • Overweight
  • Physical inactivity
  • Smoking
  • People with HIV positive have a 50% chance of having a heart attack.
  • Work stress
  • Calcium supplements

Whats the target population?

In this condition the average of heart attacks in men, and women range is about seven years apart. The average age for a heart attack is 65 for men and 72 for women. People that are over 75 and have diabetes are more likely to experience a silent heart attack. This is a heart attack that is painless, and people don't notice its happening. This is more common in women.

Heart Attack statistics

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How is this condition diagnosed?

When a nurse or doctor thinks that you have a heart attack, they will send you right to the hospital. In the hospital normally three tests are done. ECG, this is a medical device that monitors electrical activity in the heart muscles. Every heart beat our heart produces a small electrical signal. This helps to see how well the heart is functioning, and helps to see if there's damage to the heart muscle. There is also cardiac enzyme test. After a heart attack a few enzymes go into the bloodstream. A blood test can detect the enzymes. The last one is a chest x-ray, this detects is the heart has any swelling.

Treatment for a Heart Attack

A main treatment is using clot buster, also know as Thrombolytic therapy. This treatment helps to dissolve a blood clot, helps for better blood flow, and helps to protect tissues, and organs for damage. People also use Oxygen therapy, Oxygen therapy helps to give your lungs more air, and helps to be more active. Many people take aspirin to help thin their but and helps to prevent further blood clotting. Nitroglycerin helps blood flow and dilating the coronary vessel reduce the hearts workload.


Prognosis

Depending on how bad the heart attack is people can go back to their old lives. My aunt, and uncle both are fine but can't do somethings like lifting heavy things. If someone had a severe heart attack there lives might change. Experts say that after having a heart attack that patients should stay active. This is a main key of recovering after a heart attack because it helps to strengthen the heart muscle and lowers the risk of a second heart attack.


My Connections to

Three of my family members have had a heart attack. I selected this condition because I wanted to learn more about what is happening to my family members. My uncle had his on a bike ride and didn't notice. My aunt had hers when she was going to work and felt pain and didn't know what was wrong. I feel like I want to learn more about what is running in my family.

Heart Attack What Happens During a Heart Attack Coronary Artery Disease Video

Work Cited

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