Lyndon B. Johnson

Alex Johnson

How He Became President

Takes Kennedy's Place
  • LBJ was vice president to Kennedy
  • after Kennedy was assassinated LBJ took office

Election of 1964

  • Democrats nominated LBJ
  • Republicans nominated Barry Goldwater
  • Goldwater attack LBJ's policies
  • LBJ gains popularity with the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution and ends up winning by a large majoirty

The Great Society

  • The Great Society was LBJ's domestic plan
  • escalated the billion dollar War on Poverty
  • Department of Transportation
  • Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)
  • gave aid to education
  • Medicare for the elderly and Medicaid for the poor
  • Immigration and Nationalist Act of 1965 abolished the quota system and doubled the immigrant cap annually
  • Project Head Start gave impoverished children access to preschool, money for food, and health aid

24th Amendment

  • the problem was that very few blacks were registered to vote
  • 1964, the 24th Amendment destroyed the federal poll tax to make it easier for blacks to vote
  • literacy tests were not destroyed along with other methods to keep blacks from voting

Vietnam War

  • 1964 after two American ships were fired upon with provocation, the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution gave the president the power to demand more forces for the war
  • 1965 after Viet Cong attack an air base at Pleiku in the South, Operation Rolling Thunder marks the start of regular full scale bombings
  • the war tied America up so they couldn't help when Israel attacked Egypt and the Palestinians
  • 1968 after Viet Cong attacked 27 Southern cities the Tet Offensive successfully recaptured most of those cities
  • after the offensive the public demanded an immediate end to the war
  • the war had became too long and extremely unpopular
  • the casualties and costs were extremely high
  • LBJ was convinced by others that speedy victory would come from bombings
  • the war sucked the life and energy out of LBJ

Civil Rights

  • LBJ is the most active president for civil rights in American history
  • Freedom Summer began June 1964 as a campaign to register as many blacks as possible to vote
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964 banned discrimination in private places open to the public
  • Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) stopped discrimination when hiring
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965 banned literacy tests and sent voter registers to the south to help blacks register

1968: A Watershed Year

  • it's a watershed year because an incredible amount changed during the year
  • LBJ announced that no more troops would go to Vietnam, bombings would decrease, responsibility would shift into the hands of the Vietnamese, and LBJ would not run for president again
  • April 4 MLK Jr was shot and killed in Memphis, Tennessee
  • on the night of the California primary, presidential nominee Robert Kennedy was killed by an Arab who disliked his pro-Israeli views
  • at the Democratic Convention of 1968 anti-war protesters fought with police outside the convention, yet the still nominated pro-war Hubert Humphrey
  • Nixon won the presidential election
  • the sexual revolution was in full swing
  • gay and lesbians were demanding tolleration
  • Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) were a group of youngsters who showed how radical and demanding younger populations could be